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Title
Difficulty
Year
2-Chloroprocaine onset 45%2010
ABG measurement: Temp effect 56%2016
ABG values: Measured vs calculated 88%2019
ABG: COPD 81%2009
ABG: Opioid effect 75%2012
ABG: Pregnancy 60%2009
ABG: Pulm embolism 62%2012
ABG: Respiratory acidosis/metabolic alkalosis 97%2010
ABG: Salicylate toxicity 92%2009
ABG: morbid obesity and vomiting 73%2009
ACC/AHA guidelines for periop CV eval 68%2015
ACC/AHA guidelines: Stents 72%2018
ACE Inhibitors: MI survival 76%2011
ACE inhibitors: Mechanism of action 58%2015
ACE inhibitors: Side effects 76%2018
ACE-I: Contraindication 91%2012
ACLS in pregnancy 98%2014
ACLS: ETT confirmation 79%2014
ACLS: Special circumstances 55%2019
AICD malfxn: Causes 49%2012
AIMS: EMR 83%2013
ALS: Anesthetic concerns 66%2015
ANP: Factors causing release 85%2020
ARB: Side effects 99%2018
ARDS: Optimal tidal volume 78%2017
ARDS: Prone position mech. 55%2011
ARDS: ventilator management 87%2015
AS and arrhythmias 91%2013
ASA PS Class 2 vs 3 90%2014
ASA Physical Status 89%2019
ASA guidelines: sedation 74%2016
ASA standards for monitoring 51%2020
ASRA Guidelines: Herbal Supplementation 41%2019
ASRA guidelines: Epid cath removal 24%2014
AV pacing: Hemodynamic effect 51%2010
AVM embolization/management 34%2014
Abdom laparoscopy: Complications 91%2016
Abdominal Compartment Syndrome 47%2019
Abdominal Laparoscopy: Complications 91%2016
Abdominal compartment syndrome: Diagnosis 37%2015
Abnormal ECG: Catecholamines
Acetaminophen toxicity 84%2010
Acetazolamide: Effects on ion conc 77%2018
Acetazolamide: lab findings 77%2015
Acetazolamide: mechanism of action 79%2011
Acetylcholine receptor anatomy 73%2015
Acetylcholine release: Physiology 88%2013
Ach hydrolysis: Enzyme 94%2020
Acid-base balance: Strong ion difference 64%2020
Acidosis: Nonanion gap DDx 93%2011
Acromegaly: Airway 51%2019
Action potential: Ion channels 70%2015
Acute Intermittent Porphyria: Trigger 68%2019
Acute liver failure: CNS effects 70%2019
Acute mountain sickness Rx 60%2016
Acute septic shock 75%2012
Acute tubular necrosis: Dx 55%2014
Addiction: Definition 66%2018
Addiction: Risk factors 75%2016
Addison disease: blood chemistry 68%2014
Addison’s disease: Perioperative treatment 70%2010
Adductor Canal: Functional Anatomy 71%2017
Adrenal Insufficiency: Rx 92%2020
Adrenal insufficiency: Lab finding 36%2015
Advanced multiple sclerosis: anesthetic drugs 80%2012
Aerobic vs. anaerobic glycolysis 74%2013
Afib: Stroke risk determination 97%2017
Age-related P50 98%2009
Aging: CNS changes 91%2020
Aging: Cardiac physiology 71%2019
Aging: Cardiovascular physiology 60%2017
Aging: Physiologic changes 22%2019
Aging: Pulmonary physiology 91%2015
Aging: Volatile agents & EEG changes 84%2018
Air embolism Dx 79%2012
Air embolism: treatment 99%2014
Air trapping: Ventilator management 90%2010
Airway Examination 62%2017
Airway assessment: Coexisting disease 94%2010
Airway fire 85%2011
Airway fire mgmt 80%2018
Airway fire prevention 40%2019
Airway innervation 88%2020
Airway resistance: Poiseuille’s law 76%2019
Airway trauma: Larynx 29%2020
Airway: Pediatric vs Adult
Albumin: Na+ concentration 4%2014
Albuterol vs ipratropium pharm 89%2011
Aldosterone Physiology 54%2020
Aldosterone antag: Side effects 91%2018
Aldosterone: Regulation 41%2017
Alpha blockers: Selectivity 41%2015
Alveolar gas equation: Altitude 73%2019
Alveolar gas exchange 69%2015
Alveolus Micro Anatomy 48%2020
Amb Surg: Discharge delays 91%2019
Ambulatory Surgery Fast Track Criteria 31%2019
Ambulatory surgery costs 46%2012
Ambulatory surgery: PONV Rx 82%2017
Ambulatory surgery: Patient selection 90%2019
Amiloride: Electrolyte effects 64%2011
Amiloride: physiologic effects 77%2008
Amiodarone side effects 95%2019
Amiodarone: Toxicity 85%2016
Amiodarone: hemodynamic effect 49%2010
Amniotic fluid embolus: Dx 95%2012
Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis: NMB 96%2020
Anaphylaxis: Dx and Rx 97%2017
Anaphylaxis: Epinephrine treatment 90%2010
Anatomic shunt: Calculation 52%2019
Anemia and coagulation 38%2014
Anemia compensation 62%2016
Anemia: CV compensation 68%2017
Anemia: Physiologic Consequences 33%2017
Anes drugs and IOP 90%2011
Anes management: penetrating eye injury 87%2012
Anes techniques: suspected MH 99%2009
Anesth. mgmt: Asthma 83%2012
Anesthesia Machine: Pressure Regulation 22%2017
Anesthesia Ventilator: Piston vs. Bellows 90%2019
Anesthesia for ECT: lidocaine effect 53%2015
Anesthesia techniques: 1st stage labor 83%2010
Anesthesia: uterine muscle tone 96%2012
Anesthesiologist drug abuse: Fentanyl 28%2014
Anesthesiologists: substance abuse 97%2020
Anesthesiology Practice: Licensure 39%2020
Anesthetic absorption: regional anesthetic techniques 88%2008
Anesthetic uptake: Right-to-left shunt 48%2014
Anesthetic uptake: Solubility coefficient 66%2010
Anion gap acidosis 89%2015
Ankle Block: Analgesic distribution 65%2020
Ankle block: Analgesia distribution 73%2017
Ankle block: anatomy 37%2008
Ankle: Innervation 96%2018
Ankylosing spondylitis: Epidural risks 41%2011
Ant cerebral art stroke effects 25%2011
Anterior hypothalamus injury: Sxs 92%2015
Anterior mediastinal mass: effects 90%2014
Antibiotic crossreactivity 63%2015
Anticholinergic Side Effects 85%2020
Anticholinesterase Poisoning: Rx 81%2019
Anticholinesterases in CRF 72%2015
Anticoagulants: Effects on PT, PTT 49%2020
Anticonvulsants: NMB duration 92%2019
Antiphospholipid synd: Mgmt in labor 63%2013
Antiplatelet drugs: Comparison 71%2012
Antithrombotic drugs: Preop mgmt 86%2011
Antithrombotic drugs: duration 87%2008
Aortic clamping: ischemia mechanism 90%2011
Aortic crossclamp: CV complications 65%2010
Aortic insufficiency: Hemodynamic treatment 88%2010
Aortic insufficiency: medical management 89%2014
Aortic stenosis: A fib Rx 65%2011
Aortic stenosis: Hypotension Rx 81%2012
Arginine Vasopressin Mechanism of Action 82%2020
Arginine vasopressin 85%2014
Arginine vasopressin: Secretion 85%2019
Arterial pressure wave: Starling 85%2018
Arterial transducer: Position 86%2019
Arterial waveform: Peripheral vs. Central 62%2020
Ascending vent bellows advantages 83%2014
Ascites: PFTs 52%2011
Ascites: Pulm Effects 61%2014
Aspiration mgmt: LMA 94%2020
Aspirin overdose: DDx 91%2020
Aspirin toxicity and ABG 86%2019
Aspirin toxicity: treatment 79%2008
Aspirin: platelet effect 96%2008
Asthma Rx: IgE blockers 93%2019
Asthma: Postpartum hemorrhage treatment 71%2010
Atelectasis during anesthesia: Etiol 52%2012
Atlantoaxial instability: causes 96%2009
Atrial flutter: Pharmacologic treatment 37%2010
Automated drug delivery devices 66%2014
Automated vs. Paper Anesthesia Records 87%2010
Autonomic Hyperreflexia 53%2020
Autonomic Innervation: upper extremity 87%2009
Autonomic dysreflexia symptoms 87%2013
Autonomic dysreflexia: Risk factors 93%2014
Autonomic hyperreflexia risk factors 89%2011
Autonomic hyperreflexia: Signs 53%2020
Autonomic neurotransmitters 78%2018
Awake acute blood loss acid-base 69%2014
Awareness: Equipment issues 47%2015
Axillary blk: U/S anatomy 52%2019
Axillary block limitations 74%2009
Axillary block: Median nerve rescue block 66%2011
Axillary block: complications 83%2009
B-blockers: Properties 8%2013
BP measurement: Invasive vs noninvasive 92%2017
Baclofen toxicity: Treatment 84%2014
Bainbridge reflex 55%2020
Barb coma: EEG endpoint 62%2008
Barbiturate enzyme induction 48%2013
Barbiturates: PK in the elderly 63%2018
Bariatric surgery: Complications 80%2016
Becker's muscular dystrophy: Rhabdomy 47%2015
Benzocaine & methemoglobinemia 98%2013
Benzodiazepines: respiratory effects 95%2015
Beta-1 Receptor Upregulation: Causes 37%2016
Beta-agonist: Bronchodilation mechanism 55%2017
Beta-thalassemia: Newborn 97%2010
Bicarb admin: CO2 effect 87%2009
Bier Block Limitations 76%2019
Bilateral carotid endarterectomy: Physiology 69%2010
Biliary pressure: Drug effects 86%2019
Biologic outbreaks: Resp PPE 42%2020
Biological warfare 79%2015
Biostats: Bland Altman plot 61%2020
Bivent pacing: Indications 50%2015
Blood brain barrier: Fluid Transfer 73%2019
Blood gas coefficient 70%2020
Blood oxygen transport 59%2008
Blood supply to AV node 46%2016
Blood: Crossmatch 53%2014
Botox: pain relief mechanism 58%2015
Botulinum toxin: Mech of action 92%2019
Bowel distention 95%2009
Brachial artery catheter: Cx 78%2009
Brachial plexus block: Anatomy 86%2019
Brachial plexus block: missed nerves 97%2020
Brachial plexus: Anatomy 84%2020
Bradycardia and heart transplant 73%2016
Bradycardia and heart transplant: Rx 74%2017
Bradycardia during carotid surgery 82%2009
Brain Death: Ancillary Tests 29%2020
Brain death pathophysiology 82%2009
Brain death: Reflexes 87%2018
Brain stem surg manip: Hypertension 82%2011
Brain: ketone metabolism 60%2008
Bronchial blocker: Advantages 88%2017
Bronchoconstriction: Reflex path 94%2020
Bronchodilation: Anes drugs 89%2011
Bronchomotor tone: Catecholamines 83%2011
Bronchopleural fistula: Ventilator management 73%2010
Bronchopulmonary dysplasia: Associated Disease 64%2020
Bronchospasm triggers: ETT 82%2010
Bronchospasm: acute treatment 90%2008
Bronchospasm: mechanical ventilation Dx 89%2012
Brugada syndrome: Diagnosis 74%2020
Bupivacaine toxicity Rx 65%2012
Burn management: carbon monoxide toxicity 72%2011
Burns: CO poisoning Ddx 71%2020
Burns: Fluid management 90%2018
Burst suppression
Butyrylcholinesterase deficiency 72%2008
Butyrylcholinesterase: Substrates 66%2018
C-section: Morbidity 42%2012
CBF: Factors influencing 86%2020
CDC Guidelines: Vascular catheter infections 82%2020
CDH: Ventilation strategy 82%2012
CEA: Ischemia monitoring 81%2016
CHF Frank Starl curve: Milrinone eff 57%2011
CHF Frank Starl curve: Phenylephrine 35%2011
CHF: Frank-Starling curve 73%2015
CO diffus capacity: Abnormal DDx 88%2011
CO from CO2 absorber 68%2008
CO poisoning 72%2011
CO poisoning: Diagnosis 68%2008
CO poisoning: clinical features 68%2008
CO toxicity: Treatment 68%2008
CO2 absorbers: volatile anes toxicity 87%2012
CO2 dissociation curve 51%2013
CO2 rebreathing: Circle system 35%2020
CO2 response curve 62%2008
CO2 transport: bicarbonate 56%2008
CO: CO2 absorbent 43%2018
CPB antifibrinolytics 73%2008
CPB oxygenator: Gas embolism 40%2016
CPB prime: Additives 53%2016
CRPS I: Clin findings 92%2011
CRPS II: treatment 59%2014
CRPS type 1: Symptoms 93%2014
CV Changes With Aging 70%2020
CV effects of vasopressin 76%2017
CV pharmacology: catecholamines 84%2008
CV physiology: LV 52%2008
CV physiology: mixed venous oxygen 52%2008
CVC infection prevention: CDC guidelines 16%2017
CVC: CXR landmarks 85%2018
CVL complications 98%2018
CVP waveform: Components
CXR: Central line position 21%2016
Calcium channel blocker: NM blockade 76%2015
Calcium chelation: transfusion 99%2009
Calcium: ECG changes 7%2013
Calculation pulmonary vs systemic vascular resistance 84%2009
Cancer pain: Plexus block 46%2019
Cancer pain: WHO ladder 69%2013
Capnogram waveform: obstruction 61%2008
Capnothorax: Diagnosis 80%2019
Carbamazepine toxicity 74%2010
Carbon monoxide poisoning: Dx 71%2012
Carbon monoxide poisoning: Rx 65%2008
Carcinoid crisis: treatment 67%2010
Carcinoid syndrome 77%2016
Carcinoid syndrome cardiac lesions 89%2019
Carcinoid syndrome: Complications 87%2018
Cardiac Cycle: Ion Flux 71%2020
Cardiac Eval: AV disease 85%2014
Cardiac PV loops 84%2013
Cardiac anat: Coronary circ 92%2019
Cardiac anatomy: TEE 5%2013
Cardiac arrest: Induced hypothermia 98%2016
Cardiac cycle: ECG 94%2019
Cardiac cycle: Pressures 91%2020
Cardiac morbidity: Pre-op factors 34%2010
Cardiac output: Fick Principle 77%2020
Cardiac pacemaker indications 61%2010
Cardiac surface anatomy 34%2008
Cardiac tamponade: Anesth management 80%2018
Cardiac tamponade: Dx 88%2013
Cardiac tamponade: Eff of HR on CO 82%2016
Cardiac tamponade: Pulsus paradoxus 94%2010
Cardiac tamponade: TEE Dx 73%2015
Cardiac vascular anatomy: TEE 35%2014
Cardiogenic shock: DDx 76%2013
Cardiomyopathy: TEE Dx and Rx 91%2016
Cardiopulmonary Bypass Temperature Monitoring Sites 64%2020
Cardiopulmonary bypass management 33%2009
Carotid Endarterectomy: CNS monitoring 63%2009
Carotid baroreflex during CEA 89%2014
Carotid body damage: Signs 87%2020
Carotid body: Hypoxic drive 45%2012
Carotid endarterectomy: Complications 56%2015
Carotid sinus reflex: Rx 98%2012
Carotid sinus stim: post-heart transplant 76%2009
Carotid stent: Bradycardia cause 97%2010
Carotid stent: Bradycardia prevention 97%2010
Carotid surgery: CNS monitoring 70%2012
Categorical data: Chi square test 52%2010
Catheter related sepsis: Prevention 92%2019
Caudal anesthesia 67%2009
Caudal anesthesia: Anatomy
Caudal anesthesia: Infant dose 62%2014
Caudal space anatomy 96%2015
Caudal: System Toxicity 47%2020
Causes of atrial fibrillation 84%2013
Causes of upregualtions of NAChR 56%2008
Cbf/CMRO2 drug effects 83%2011
Celiac plexus block distribution 95%2011
Celiac plexus block: Side effects 82%2012
Celiac plexus block: complications 85%2017
Celiac plexus block: indications 83%2008
Central line infections: prevention 72%2009
Central sensitization: Prevention 92%2020
Central sleep apnea vs. OSA 57%2012
Central venous placement: Technique 62%2016
Central venous pressure wave forms 58%2014
Cerebral Aneurysm clipping: anes management 58%2009
Cerebral Blood Volume: BP Meds 72%2020
Cerebral aneurysm: Electrolytes 81%2014
Cerebral aneurysm: Transmural pressure 21%2013
Cerebral autoregulation 42%2012
Cerebral blood flow: Temperature effect 75%2010
Cerebral blood vol: Vasodilators 74%2019
Cerebral ischemia: deep hypothermia 63%2009
Cerebral palsy: Anesthesia management 18%2020
Cerebral perfusion pressure (CPP) determ
Cerebral vasospasm: treatment 87%2012
Cerebrovascular resist: Vasodilators 71%2017
Cervical cerclage: Anesthetic management 66%2010
Cervical fracture, Intubation techniques 75%2010
Chest wall compliance: Calculation 59%2015
Chest x-ray: Cardiac anatomy 86%2019
Chi-squared test application 64%2019
Chi-squared test: appropriate data 46%2008
Child-Pugh Scoring system 82%2014
Child-Pugh score: Factors 76%2012
Chloroprocaine metabolism 90%2009
Chloroprocaine placental transfer 81%2012
Chronic back pain: Evaluation 80%2016
Chronic meds: Periop continuation 96%2017
Chronic opioid use: Side effects 94%2018
Chronic opioids: side effects 91%2009
Chronic pain: Methadone vs morphine 79%2011
Chronic pain: cancer: methadone 68%2008
Chronic pain: cancer: opioids 42%2008
Circulatory arrest: pH-stat implications 12%2010
Cirrhosis: NMB kinetics 92%2010
Cirrhosis: hepatic synthetic fxn 38%2015
Citrate Toxicity: Treatment 86%2020
Clark electrode 61%2013
Clinical trial: study power 93%2008
Closed claims: Brain damage 72%2010
Clostridium tetani infection 15%2009
Coag factors in hepatic disease 71%2012
Coagulation changes in pregnancy 82%2020
Cocaine Intoxication: Treatment 58%2019
Codeine: Metabolism 96%2019
Colloid administration: Complications 84%2017
Coma vs vegetative state 79%2013
Compartment Syndrome: Dx 95%2020
Compensated respiratory acidosis 68%2015
Compensatory Mech and Anemia 60%2014
Complete heart block: Rx 54%2012
Complication bronchial blocker 93%2019
Concentration effect 71%2013
Congenital Long QT: management 62%2009
Congenital emphysema: Mgmt 85%2012
Congenital heart disease: Prostaglandin treatment 23%2010
Congenital heart disease: pulmonary hypertension treatment 74%2008
Constrictive Pericarditis: Venous waveform 51%2012
Context sensitive half-time: Opioids 79%2019
Context-sensitive half-time 94%2020
Contrast CT: Renal fxn preservation 73%2015
Contrast dye nephrotoxicity 97%2016
Contrast nephropathy: Risk reduction 94%2018
Contrast-Induced Reaction: Risk Factors 62%2019
Contrast-induced nephropathy 98%2019
Controlled hypotension: Monitoring 98%2019
Core competencies: Definition 93%2019
Corneal Reflex: Anatomy 70%2019
Coronary Artery: anatomy 81%2012
Coronary Occlusion Resulting Heart Block 85%2019
Coronary artery distribution 61%2018
Coronary perfusion pressure 95%2010
Coronary perfusion pressure: L vs. R 27%2009
Coronary stents: elective surgery delay 65%2020
Corticosteroid defic in ICU 93%2018
Corticosteroids: Effect on lab values 92%2014
Craniotomy: positioning injury 73%2008
Cricoid pressure: Effects 33%2018
Cricothyroid muscle innervation 79%2015
Critical temperature: Nitrous oxide 50%2017
Cryoprecipitate: fibrinogen content 81%2012
Crystalloid resuscitation: coagulopathy 73%2011
Crystalloid vs colloid rx 42%2015
Crystalloid vs colloid: Side effects 63%2019
Cyanide toxicity: Dx 77%2017
Cyanide toxicity: Rx 82%2019
Cylinder content: weight vs. pressure 93%2011
Cytochrome 450: Ultrarapid Metabolism 43%2020
DDD pacemaker periop mgmt 74%2014
DIC: Diagnosis 91%2020
DIC: Laboratory findings 98%2015
DKA Rx 99%2016
DKA treatment 93%2012
DL ETT position: confirmation 96%2020
DLT vs. bronchial blocker 86%2020
DM control: Glycosylated Hgb 98%2011
DM: Stiff Joint Syndrome 82%2020
DNR and anesthesia 88%2011
DNR: Ethical principles 92%2018
Dalton’s Law: Applied 89%2020
Damage control resusc: Med 83%2020
Dantrolene mechanism 99%2014
Decreased CO diffusion: Causes 94%2014
Delayed Hemolytic Transfusion Reaction 81%2020
Delayed emergence: differential diagnosis 84%2014
Delayed transfusion reaction 54%2014
Demyelinating diseases: PFTs 86%2014
Denervated heart: exercise physiology 77%2009
Depth of anesthesia: EEG findings 72%2020
Desflurane vaporization physics 96%2011
Desflurane vaporizer 100%2016
Desflurane vs. Sevoflurane: Ambulatory surgery 71%2018
Desmopressin for von Willebrand 74%2009
Determinants of spinal level 95%2015
Dexmedetomidine Properties 99%2020
Dexmedetomidine: CNS effects 64%2016
Dexmedetomidine: CV effects 70%2019
Dexmedetomidine: Hemodynamic effects 90%2012
Diabetes insipidus intracranial surg 93%2009
Diabetes insipidus: Rx 63%2012
Diabetes: Autonomic neurop signs 74%2019
Diabetes: Autonomic neuropathy 43%2017
Diagnosis of croup 99%2008
Dibucaine number 36%2016
Differential spinal block 46%2008
Difficult airway algorithm 88%2018
Difficult airway: C-section 53%2011
Difficult airway: Mgmt 98%2019
Difficult mask ventilation: Predictor 83%2019
Diffusion Hypoxia Prevention 76%2020
Diffusion hypoxia 99%2018
Digoxin Toxicity: ECG 76%2019
Digoxin toxicity: Rx 65%2020
Digoxin: Toxicity 65%2020
Dilutional coagulopathy 73%2014
Disclosure: Adverse event mgmt 80%2020
Discogenic pain: Symptoms 56%2013
Diuretic: Effects on acid-base balance 85%2014
Diuretics: Adverse effects 51%2014
Diuretics: Electrolyte effects 96%2017
Diuretics: Mechanism of action 81%2020
Diuretics: Potassium imbalance 75%2019
Donepezil: Anesthetic interactions 51%2018
Donor hepatectomy: INR elevation 62%2016
Doppler shift and angle of incidence 33%2012
Doppler ultrasonography principles 84%2017
Double lumen tube placement 88%2018
Down Syndrome anes implications
Down’s syndrome: abnormalities
Doxorubicin: Adverse effects 92%2012
Doxorubicin: Complications 87%2010
Drowning: Initial treatment 67%2020
Drug elimination: Half life 82%2016
Drugs: Controlled Hypotension 71%2018
Duchenne muscular dystrophy: Sx 63%2016
Duchenne's: PFTs 86%2013
Dural sac: Anatomy
Dural sac: Caudal extent
Dx of Uterine rupture
Dx: Myxedema coma 62%2013
Dx: Preeclampsia 97%2014
E cylinder: N2O content 91%2016
E-cylindr PSI/vol relationship 94%2014
ECG leads: P-wave detection 83%2010
ECG loose lead effect 29%2009
ECG: Intraventricular conduct delay 87%2015
ECT and heart dis: Anesth consid 84%2017
ECT: Anes drug selection 84%2018
ECT: Cardiac effects 71%2020
ECT: Contraindications 89%2015
ECT: Physiologic effects 58%2016
ECT: anesthetic agents and seizure duration 59%2008
ECT: seizure duration 86%2019
ECT: side effects 95%2008
ECT: side effects 95%2009
EEG: high dose opiates 34%2008
EMLA contraindications 47%2008
ERAS protocol: Components 84%2020
ERAS: Goal Directed Fluid Therapy 48%2019
ERAS: Nutritional strategies 89%2019
ESRD and Neuromuscular Blockade 72%2020
ETOHism: Electrolyte abnormalities 67%2014
EXIT procedure: Uterine atony 94%2010
Eaton-Lambert: Mechanism 94%2018
Effects of flumazenil 76%2013
Effects of vasopressin vs epi 62%2011
Electrolyte Homeostasis: hormones 35%2009
Elevated FRC DDx 79%2011
Elevated ICP: Hyperventilation 80%2012
Elevated INR: Factor treatment 76%2010
Emergence Delirium: Anesthetic Agents 69%2019
Emergence delirium: Children 78%2018
Emergency cesarean: Anes options 77%2019
Emergency transfusion: Compatibility 54%2019
Endobronchial intubation 68%2008
Endobronchial intubation: Effects 52%2019
Enhanced recovery protocol 75%2020
Enoxaparin: assessment of effect 83%2008
Enteral nutrition vs. TPN 93%2012
Enteral nutrition: Complications 95%2012
Enteral nutrition: Indications 92%2018
Epid anesth: Adjuvants 88%2018
Epid steriod indications: radiculop 75%2014
Epidural analgesia: Complications 85%2018
Epidural anatomy 83%2012
Epidural anesthetics: Respiratory effects 72%2019
Epidural clonidine: mechanism of action 61%2008
Epidural local anesthetic: GI effect 84%2019
Epidural local anesthetic: peristalsis effect 59%2014
Epidural test dose: Sx 88%2009
Epidural: Cardiovascular effects 98%2018
Epidural: Clonidine vs morphine 99%2014
Epiglottitis 91%2010
Epiglottitis: Airway management 67%2010
Epiglottitis: anesthetic management 91%2010
Epiglottitis: diagnosis 91%2010
Epiglottitis: inhalation induction 65%2009
Epileptic focus: Suppression 94%2015
Epinephrine: effect on LA duration 32%2020
Esoph sphincter tone: Anes drugs 46%2011
Ethical principles: Autonomy 97%2013
Ethics: Speaker disclosure 91%2010
Ethics: Withdrawal of life support 94%2018
Etiol bronchoconstriction 91%2014
Etomidate: Adrenal suppression 85%2015
Etomidate: Cerebrovascular Effects 65%2018
Evoked Potentials: Aortic Surgery 48%2019
Evoked potentials: anesthetic effects 83%2010
Ex-premature: Pulmonary Cx 72%2011
Extrajunctional ACh receptors 72%2020
FA/FI volatile anesthetics 94%2016
FB Aspiration: physical exam 73%2009
FENa in hypovolemia 51%2012
FENa: Significance 83%2016
FFP Indications 80%2018
FFP: Citrate toxicity Dx/Rx 72%2015
FFP: warfarin reversal 94%2009
FHT: Variable decelerations 78%2019
FRC: Ventilatory setting effects 91%2010
FRC: definition 70%2010
FRC: diseases affecting 89%2008
FV loop: mediastinal mass 66%2008
Facet syndrome: Presentation 62%2018
Facet syndrome: Sx 78%2020
Factor V Leiden: Treatment 90%2012
Factor VIII Concentrate: indications 93%2009
Factor VIII antibodies: Rx 92%2012
Factors affect anes depth 74%2013
Factors affecting PvO2 44%2015
Factors affecting SSEP 78%2017
Factors affecting SVO2 87%2020
Factors affecting defibrillation 45%2013
Factors affecting turbulent flow 99%2016
Factors affecting vaporizer output 60%2012
Factors causing prolonged neuromuscular blockade 86%2011
Failed intubation: Rx 85%2015
Fat Embolism 84%2012
Fat embolism: Dx 84%2012
FeNa significance 84%2019
Febrile transfusion reaction 49%2018
Febrile transfusion reaction mechanism 45%2014
Federal regulation agencies: Ors 72%2011
Femoral Nerve Block 37%2020
Femoral Nerve Block anatomy 37%2020
Fenoldopam: Mechanism 95%2019
Fenoldopam: Renal effects 55%2010
Fetal HR pattern: Maternal hypotension 76%2010
Fetal HR pattern: Normal labor 68%2010
Fetal Hb: Oxygen transport 89%2017
Fetal blood gas values 78%2009
Fetal distress: Rx 98%2020
Fetal perfusion during surgery 97%2012
Fibromyalgia DDx 86%2011
Fibromyalgia: Tender point charact 86%2016
Fibromyalgia: Tx 96%2017
Flow volume loop & goiter 87%2018
Flow volume loop: BP fistula 56%2015
Flow-volume loop: Interpretation 89%2016
Flowmeter: Gas properties 56%2010
Fluid management: PPV 84%2020
Fluid replacement in peds 61%2015
Fluid therapy: Glycocalyx 29%2016
Fluids: traumatic brain injury 75%2020
Fontan Circulation: Ventilation 63%2020
Fontan single ventricle phys 79%2017
Foot surgery: Regional anesthesia 83%2019
Furosemide: Side effects 80%2020
Furosemide: Venodilation 21%2014
GCS: Indication for intubation 85%2015
Gas laws: temp/pressure changes 23%2009
Gastric volume: PO liquid effect 13%2014
Gastric volume: breast milk vs. clear liquids 86%2008
Gastroschisis & Abd closure: pulm 88%2014
Gastroschisis: Abd closure pulm eff 88%2011
Geriatric Patients: Dosing Differences 67%2019
Geriatric anestheia: pulmonary changes
Geriatrics: Autonomic function 72%2011
Geriatrics: MAC alterations 59%2019
Geriatrics: Muscle relaxants 54%2017
Geriatrics: NSAIDs use 96%2008
Geriatrics: Pulmonary changes 100%2018
Geriatrics: SVR 95%2016
Glasgow coma scale: definition 62%2014
Glaucoma: Management of PONV 97%2019
Glucocort: Mineralocorticoid activity 74%2017
Glycopyrrolate: Adverse effects 91%2015
Glycopyrrolate: Side effects 84%2020
Goal directed therapy: Sepsis 80%2016
Guillain-Barre Syndrome: Rx 83%2020
Guillain-Barré: autonomic dysfxn 32%2014
H2-blockers: Onset time 74%2013
HCTZ: mechanism of action 52%2008
HIPAA: Definition 92%2018
HIPAA: Privacy rule exclusions 54%2015
HIV Rx: Anes drug interactions 54%2016
HOCM anesthetic mgmt 88%2014
HOCM: hypotension Rx 89%2009
HPV Inhibition 82%2019
HPV Inhibition: Drugs 14%2016
HPV: Inhibition 82%2019
Haldane effect 47%2012
Head down position: hypoxemia 41%2009
Heart block: Coronary occlusion 67%2010
Heart transplant: autonomic effect 81%2015
Heat loss: Mechanisms 75%2017
Heat loss: Prevention 57%2018
Heliox effects 76%2014
Heliox: Airway resistance 90%2011
Helium advantages: Small-bore tube 63%2010
Helium properties 80%2018
Hemiarthroplasty: Causes of decreasing BP 88%2015
Hemodialysis effects 72%2008
Hemodialysis: Lab effects 69%2014
Hemodynamic effects of alpha blockers 84%2008
Hemodynamics of laryngoscopy 49%2015
Hemolysis: bilirubin levels 65%2009
Hemophilia: Factor Deficiencies 82%2019
Hemorrhagic shock mgmt 84%2020
Henderson-Hasselbalch: Logarithms 83%2020
Heparin resistance: Rx 97%2012
Hepatic Blood Flow: Regulation 50%2019
Hepatic arterial buffer response 50%2016
Hepatic artery buffer response 73%2018
Hepatic bilirubin excretion 83%2015
Hepatic blood flow: Factors affecting 93%2015
Hepatic blood supply 36%2017
Hepatic dysfunction
Hepatic protein synthesis 73%2015
Hepatic resection: Complications 89%2020
Hepatic synthetic capacity: Dx 70%2012
Hepatic synthetic function: Labs 59%2020
Hepatic synthetic function: Measures 89%2017
Hepatitis B: Needle stick diagnosis 88%2010
Hepatopulmonary Syndrome: Pathophysiology 61%2020
Herbal medicines: anticoagulation effects 78%2014
Herbal supplements 98%2013
Herbals: garlic 95%2009
Herpes and pregnancy 62%2008
Herpes zoster: Rx 87%2012
Hetastarch: platelet function 56%2015
High A-a gradient: Causes 84%2012
High respiratory quotient: Lipogenesis 20%2015
Hip Fx: Fat embolism mgmt 84%2012
Hip arthroplasty: GA vs RA 80%2019
Hormonal stress response 76%2019
Hydrochlorothiazide: Blood chemistry effects 24%2010
Hyperaldosteronism: Drug treatment 93%2008
Hyperbaric N2O 77%2013
Hyperbaric O2 seizures: Treatment 20%2016
Hyperbaric Oxygen: indications 94%2020
Hyperbaric chamber: MAC effect 73%2010
Hypercalcemia: Acute treatment 92%2019
Hypercapnia: Causes 17%2015
Hypercarbia: O2 release to tissues 84%2012
Hypercarbia: alveolar gas equation
Hyperchloremic metabolic acidosis 95%2019
Hyperglycemia: Preop mgmt 88%2016
Hyperglycemia: complications 81%2009
Hyperkal periodic paralysis triggers 64%2014
Hyperkalemia 66%2010
Hyperkalemia treatment 66%2010
Hypermagnesemia treatment 67%2010
Hyperparathyroidism: signs 54%2012
Hypertension: brainstem injury 73%2008
Hypertension: brainstem surgery
Hypertensive disorders in pregnancy 45%2018
Hyperthyroidism: Dx 66%2015
Hyperthyroidism: signs 37%2009
Hyperventilation: Cerebral physiology 97%2015
Hypocalcemia: ECG effects 75%2010
Hypocarbia: Electrolyte effects 55%2014
Hypoglycemia: Glucagon 69%2019
Hypokalemia: Periop mgmt 28%2017
Hypokalemic periodic paral trigger 46%2016
Hypokalemic periodic paralysis 81%2019
Hyponatremia and CNS pathology 56%2014
Hyponatremia: Evaluation 78%2014
Hypoparathyroidism: Rx 95%2012
Hypophosphatemia: Complications 74%2019
Hypophosphatemia: Muscle weakness 44%2013
Hypoplastic left heart physiol 92%2014
Hypothermia with spinal: Physiol 93%2015
Hypothermia: Cold OR mechanism
Hypothermia: Effects 53%2016
Hypothermia: Infant vs. toddler 79%2010
Hypothermia: Physiol effects 97%2019
Hypothermia: Prevention 94%2019
Hypothermia: pH stat management 53%2010
Hypovent in PACU 54%2014
Hypovolemia signs: Pediatrics 72%2012
Hypovolemia: renin-angiotensin response 78%2013
Hypoxemia: Chest x-ray 68%2020
Hypoxemia: closing capacity vs. FRC 90%2008
Hypoxemia: ventilator management 56%2009
Hypoxia during pneumonectomy: treatment 90%2010
Hypoxia gen anes: Pregnancy 89%2015
Hypoxic pulmonary vasodilation 27%2008
IABP: Contraindications 82%2020
ICD removal complications 65%2014
ICP: tumor: corrected mechanism 57%2008
ICU: enteral nutrition 86%2015
IHSS 46%2009
IHSS: Treatment 84%2012
IJ Cannulation: Confirmation 64%2020
IJ line: Cx 86%2019
IV anesthetics: Pain on injection 4%2013
IV regional: Mechanism 79%2014
IV regional: Pharmacology 59%2020
IV solutions: Osmolality 40%2015
IV to po opioids: Equivalency 70%2014
Identification epileptic foci: Drugs 91%2012
IgA deficiency and transfusion 73%2020
Ilioinguinal anatomy 63%2013
Ilioinguinal block: Complications 35%2014
Impact of pH on O2 delivery to tissue 9%2013
Impaired anesthesiologist: Signs 84%2018
Impaired physician: Manifestations 79%2015
Implantable cardiac defibrillator: interventions 36%2009
Incompetent expiratory valve: Signs 80%2010
Increased FRC: Causes 76%2014
Increased FRC: Etiology 85%2015
Increased ICP: Treatment 35%2020
Increased ICP: induction agents 97%2011
Indications for hypertonic saline 92%2015
Induced hypothermia 84%2013
Infant preop fasting: Breast milk 95%2011
Inhalational anesthesia: ventilatory effects 55%2009
Inhaled agents: Uterine tone 93%2011
Inhaled anesthetic: Uptake 87%2015
Inhaled anesthetics: Mech of action 41%2018
Inhaled anesthetics: vapor pressure 39%2008
Inotropes: Alpha-1 activity 92%2012
Insulin deficiency: Phys effects 61%2015
Interscalene Block: Anatomy 66%2020
Interscalene block side effects 79%2019
Interscalene block: Complications 100%2017
Interscalene block: Sens distribution 90%2019
Interscalene block: Technique 57%2018
Intestinal obstruction: N2O 62%2014
Intra-art SBP amplification mech 17%2011
Intracranial aneurysm: IV fluids 666%2014
Intraocular gas: Contraindications 89%2019
Intraocular pressure: Effectors 95%2017
Intraop awareness: Risk factors 91%2018
Intraop glucose requirements 98%2019
Intraoperative fluid management: infants 53%2020
Intraoperative oliguria: hyperventilation 38%2008
Intrapartum fever: Rx 88%2016
Intrapulmonary shunt and O2 Tx 70%2016
Intrascalene block: anatomy
Intravascular fluids: Distribution 64%2019
Intravascular: Extracellular volume ratio 58%2012
Intravenous Fluids: Redistribution 81%2020
Intubation in Pierre Robin syndrome 76%2012
Ionizing radiation: Treatment 66%2015
Ischemic optic neur: Risk factors 87%2017
Isoflurane: CMRO2 effect 90%2012
Isolation precautions 87%2014
Isovolemic hemodilution compensation 28%2008
Jehovah's Witness: Cell salvage 90%2016
Jehovah’s Witness: Blood products 92%2017
Jet ventilation, gas exchange 53%2014
Jet ventilation: Complications 92%2019
Joint commission: anesthesia standards 31%2008
Ketamine analgesic mechanism 88%2019
Ketamine receptor effects 82%2009
Ketamine side effects 92%2012
Ketamine: Effect on BIS 78%2019
Ketamine: Pheochromocytoma 94%2010
Ketamine: Psych effects 94%2020
Ketamine: Respiratory effects 95%2018
Ketorolac: renal function 92%2010
Knee surgery: Blocks 82%2019
L-spine: Radiologic anatomy 73%2019
LAST: Rx 98%2020
LE fracture: Tourniquet mgmt
LMA: Intubation guide 42%2015
LMWH: Assessment 88%2014
LMWH: Mechanism of action 62%2018
LV failure: Diagnosis and treatment post-CPB 37%2010
LV filling physiology 82%2015
LV function in geriatric pts 89%2013
LV pressure-volume relations: Impact of preload 71%2012
Lab assessment of renal function 3%2008
Labetalol pharmacokinetics 38%2016
Labor pain, regional blocks 65%2014
Lactated Ringer’s Solution: Metab 72%2019
Lambert-Eaton Syndrome: Physiology 73%2010
Lambert-Eaton: Pathophysiology 86%2019
Laparoscopy complications 93%2017
Laparoscopy: Air vs. N2O 93%2013
Laparoscopy: Complications 92%2019
Laparoscopy: ETCO2 94%2011
Laparoscopy: Elevated ETCO2 Ddx 93%2014
Laparoscopy: Physiologic changes 93%2017
Laparoscopy: Physiologic effects 90%2018
Laparoscopy: Resp complications 83%2018
Laparoscopy: increased PaCO2 84%2012
Laryngeal anatomy 19%2017
Laryngeal innervation 88%2020
Laryngoscopic view: Grading 90%2018
Laryngospasm causes 97%2008
Laryngospasm mechanism 40%2010
Laryngospasm treatment options 49%2015
Laryngospasm: Management 75%2019
Laser airway fire: Mgmt 90%2016
Laser resistant ET 80%2017
Laser-safe endotracheal tubes 68%2010
Laser: Safety 73%2019
Lat fem cut n: Ext landmarks 53%2016
Latex allergy treatment 90%2015
Latex allergy: Foods 90%2020
Legally privileged conversation 72%2017
Leukoreduction: Viral transmission 31%2010
Leukotriene inh: Asthma 96%2019
Level of hypoxemia: Factors impacting 97%2013
Levels of Sedation: Definitions 76%2019
Licensing of Physicians 72%2020
Line isolation monitor 78%2018
Liposuction: LA solution 54%2018
Liposuction: lidocaine toxic dose 33%2010
Lithium and muscle relaxants 47%2013
Lithium: Anesthetic interactions 59%2018
Lithotomy position: Nerve Injury 68%2010
Lithotripsy: Contraindications 69%2019
Liver Synthetic Function: Labs
Liver transpl: Hypocalcemia etiology 75%2016
Liver transplant: Fxn of allograft 73%2012
Liver transplant: Reperfusion effect 70%2018
Liver transplantation: Electrolyte disturbances 51%2014
Local anes concentration calc 86%2013
Local anes onset: Factors influencing 76%2013
Local anes: Vasoconstriction 99%2017
Local anesthetic: Methemoglobinemia 94%2010
Local anesthetic: Side effects 94%2019
Local anesthetic: Transient neurologic symptoms 94%2015
Local anesthetics: Metabolism 92%2018
Local anesthetics: systemic toxicity
Logistic Regression: Odds Ratio 29%2014
Long QT syndrome: Medications 97%2018
Lorazepam: Metabolism 47%2015
Low back pain: Etiologies 87%2013
Low tidal volume ventilation: Protective effect 87%2010
Lower extremity nerves: Sensory distribution 57%2008
Lower extremity tourniquet deflation: Physiologic effects 80%2018
Lumbar nerve roots: Innervation 58%2010
Lumbar sympathetic block: Indications 20%2012
Lumbosacral radiculopathy: Mgmt 68%2012
Lung compliance: Calculation 64%2020
Lung compliance: Measurement 64%2020
Lung function: Metabolic 26%2014
Lung isolation 81%2013
Lung protection ventilation: Pressure goal 58%2010
Lung resection outcome: PFTs 84%2012
Lung ultrasonography: Signs 51%2020
Lung volumes and capacities: Def 86%2016
Lungs: Metabolic function 14%2013
Lusitropy: PV loop 60%2014
MAC: Adverse outcomes 71%2020
MAC: factors affecting 94%2018
MAO inhibitor: meperidine toxicity 91%2009
MCA stroke: Signs 87%2020
MH vs. thyroid storm 91%2011
MH: Presentation 60%2020
MOCA requirements 95%2009
MRI compatibility: Implants 71%2019
MRI monitoring complications 87%2017
MRI monitors artifacts 90%2014
MRI: Contraindications 76%2015
MRI: Monitoring hazards 80%2016
MRI: Physiologic monitoring 94%2018
MRI: Quenching 92%2019
MRI: Resuscitation 81%2020
MRI: Thermal burns 77%2020
MRSA tx 25%2015
Magnesium complications 76%2009
Magnesium toxicity: Signs 78%2020
Magnesium toxicity: Tx 97%2018
Magnesium: Effects 96%2020
Magnesium: Hypotensive effect 41%2012
Magnesium: side effects
Mainstem Intub: Physiologic effects 90%2015
Malignant Hyperthermia: Treatment 50%2019
Malignant Hyperthermia: testing 79%2017
Malignant hyperthermia: Associated disorders
Malignant hyperthermia: Periop mgmt 90%2019
Malignant hyperthermia: Signs 55%2016
Mallampati Airway Classification 83%2019
Management: acute heart failure 66%2009
Management: lumbosacral radiculopathy 71%2009
Mannitol osmolarity effects 41%2009
Mannitol: Hemodynamic effects 65%2014
Mapleson D: Rebreathing 98%2010
Mask CPAP: Physiologic effects 87%2010
Mass casualty: Nerve agent 21%2019
Maternal mortality causes 93%2009
Maternal physiology: Blood volume 84%2013
Maternal physiology: Respiratory 60%2020
Maximum ABL calculation 62%2010
Mechanical ventilation: Renal effects 68%2012
Mechanism of action: p450 35%2015
Mechanisms of Cerebral Vasoconstriction 83%2019
Meconium aspiration 64%2012
Meconium aspiration: Rx 62%2012
Meconium: Tracheal suctioning 64%2012
Mediastinal mass: CXR 43%2015
Mediastinal tumor: Airway obstruction 92%2010
Mediastinoscopy: vascular compression 85%2009
Medication Errors: Etiology 89%2019
Meningomyelocele: Arnold-Chiari assoc 64%2011
Meperidine: Renal Failure 98%2018
Metabolic Alkalosis: Causes 19%2017
Metabolic acidosis: Etiology 78%2018
Metabolic alkalosis: Respiratory compensation 79%2010
Metabolism: Meperidine 58%2014
Metformin/Contrast dye interaction 83%2009
Metformin: Complications 97%2013
Metformin: Contrast dye 88%2012
Metformin: Periop mgmt 98%2014
Methadone treatment management 98%2009
Methadone: QT interval 52%2011
Methemoglobinemia 95%2011
Methemoglobinemia: Treatment 95%2011
Methemoglobinemia: diagnosis 95%2011
Methyl methacrylate: Complications 82%2018
Metoclopramide: Pharm effects 72%2019
Metoclopramide: esophageal sphincter tone 80%2012
Metoclopramide: gastric effects 95%2009
Meyer Overton correlation 73%2019
MgSO4: Cardiac effects 91%2012
Mgmnt of hypoxemia during OLV 73%2015
Mgmt difficult airway: Obese pt 97%2014
Mgmt: WPW 58%2014
Microvascular Surgery: Vasopressors 72%2020
Midazolam: Bioavailability versus Route
Midazolam: Peds oral dosage 88%2014
Milrinone: CV effects 93%2017
Milrinone: pharmacology 78%2012
Min invasive CABG: Single lung vent 79%2019
Misfilled vaporizer: Output calc 58%2018
Mitochondrial myopathy: Anes concerns 95%2019
Mitral Insufficiency: Pharmacologic Treatment
Mitral insufficiency: medical management 63%2011
Moderate sedation: ASA guidelines 43%2015
Monitored anesthesia care: Requirements 89%2012
Monitoring for residual NMB 86%2009
Monitoring: barbiturate coma 73%2012
Morbid Obesity: post-op complications 73%2012
Morbid obesity and atelectasis 95%2014
Morbid obesity: DVT 90%2008
Morbid obesity: Drug dosing 60%2014
Morbid obesity: Hypoxemia physiology 60%2016
Morbid obesity: PFTs 64%2018
Morbid obesity: rapid desaturation 55%2012
Morphine: Metabolites 75%2018
Motor evoked potentials: Anesth effec 89%2015
Multiple myeloma: Symptoms 93%2011
Multiple sclerosis: Periop mgmt 65%2012
Multiple sclerosis: Risk of pulm comp 8%2013
Multiple sclerosis: exacerbation 85%2018
Muscle relaxants: Benzodiazepine 84%2014
Muscle relaxants: Drug interactions 53%2019
Muscle relaxation: Anes agents 92%2017
Muscle relaxation: Mechanism 59%2008
Myasthenia gravis and postop ventilation 74%2019
Myasthenia gravis and postoperative ventilation 90%2017
Myasthenia gravis preop risk eval 54%2011
Myasthenia gravis: Pharmacologic Rx 89%2018
Myasthenia gravis: postop management 52%2015
Myasthenia: Effects on neonate 76%2018
Myasthenia: Muscle relaxant effects 41%2010
Myasthenia: physiology 91%2008
Myasthenic Synd vs Myas Gravis: Sx 74%2020
Myelomeningocele: Assoc anomalies 56%2013
Myocard ischemia intraop Dx/Rx 96%2011
Myocardial O2 consumption: determinants 82%2009
Myocardial ischemia: Acute MR 81%2010
Myocardial ischemia: Beta-blockers 94%2020
Myocyte repolarization: Ionic flow 40%2015
Myofascial pain syndrome: Dx 45%2018
Myofascial pain: diagnosis 61%2012
Myotonic dystrophy, intraop mgt 9%2014
Myotonic dystrophy: Aspiration risk 76%2010
Myotonic dystrophy: Preop eval 29%2011
N2O and intraocular gas 86%2014
NIBP: Positioning effects 93%2020
NIOSH concentration limits 37%2018
NM transmission: Ions 73%2011
NMB and hyperparathyroidism 61%2020
NMB drug interactions 98%2009
NMB in Eaton-Lambert syndrome 67%2008
NMB reversal: Assessment 60%2010
NMB/volatile agent interaction 48%2012
NMB: Brain stem reflexes 71%2019
NMB: Rhabdomyolysis 75%2013
NMB: Site of action 86%2015
NMBA dosing in geriatric patients 68%2016
NMBs in CRF 99%2011
NMBs: ED95 definition 23%2011
NMJ AChR upregulation causes 77%2017
NMJ: Anticholinesterase fxn 85%2015
NMJ: Ca release mechanism 56%2019
NMJ: Cholinergic receptor anatomy 85%2018
NMJ: Postjunctional receptors 91%2019
NO hemodynamic effect 79%2010
NPO guidelines 96%2020
NPO recommendation infants 95%2017
NSAIDs: Renal Effects 54%2020
Nalbuphine: Plateau effect mechanisms 73%2010
Nasal fiberoptic intubation 83%2009
Nasal intubation: Contraindications 92%2020
Nasal intubation: Cx 96%2020
Nat pract data bank: Reporting 60%2020
National Practitioner Database 60%2020
Nd: YAG laser characteristics 41%2011
Neck anatomy: 2D ultrasound 89%2020
Needle stick injury mgmt 64%2018
Needle stick: Infectious risk 70%2020
Negative pressure pulmonary edema: Physiology 75%2018
Neonatal apnea hypoxemia physiol 89%2019
Neonatal bradycardia: treatment 68%2010
Neonatal circulation 96%2018
Neonatal cyanosis: Ddx 88%2016
Neonatal hypoxia: physiology 64%2008
Neonatal myasthenia gravis 71%2016
Neonatal nasal CPAP: mechanism 43%2011
Neonatal resuscitation and meconium 92%2017
Neonatal resuscitation medication 73%2013
Neonatal vs. adult cardiac physiology 67%2010
Neonate: duration of post-anesthesia monitoring 40%2008
Neostigmine: Max dose rationale 66%2014
Neostigmine: Side Effects 94%2020
Neostigmine: muscarinic effects 87%2011
Nerve action potential termination mechanism 70%2010
Nerve block landmarks 49%2012
Nerve block: stimulation current vs. distance 52%2008
Nerve blocks: Peak plasma LA conc 95%2020
Nerve gas: Tx 79%2018
Neuraxial anesth: Cardiovascular effects 71%2012
Neuraxial blockade and anticoagulants 97%2017
Neuraxial opioid action site 96%2015
Neuraxial opioids: mechanism 60%2020
Neuraxial opioids: tolerance 86%2008
Neuromuscular Blockade: Monitoring 84%2019
Neuromuscular block: vecuronium 45%2009
Neuromuscular blockade: Recovery 57%2019
Neuromuscular blocking agents in CRF 97%2008
Neuromuscular disease: Succinylcholine hyperkalemia 100%2015
Neuromuscular diseases: muscle pain 56%2009
Neuromuscular transmission in Myasthenia Gravis 80%2019
Neuromuscular transmission: ion flow 88%2020
Neuropathic pain: Pathophysiology 42%2015
Neuropathic pain: treatment 98%2008
Neutral thermal environment: advantages 66%2011
Newborns: Dehydration assessment 72%2012
Nicotine: Anesth implications 97%2019
Nitric oxide: Mechanism of action 90%2020
Nitric oxide: Toxicity 22%2012
Nitroglycerin: Uterine relaxation 97%2010
Nitroprusside toxicity Treatment 25%2010
Nitroprusside toxicity: blood chemistry 35%2008
Nitrous Oxide: CBF and CMRO2 35%2010
Nitrous oxide: Air space expansion 90%2019
Nitrous oxide: Closed spaces 71%2017
Nitrous oxide: bowel distention 77%2012
Nondepolarizing NMB: Synergism 36%2016
Noninvasive BP: Oscillometry 76%2018
Norepinephrine: CV effects 59%2012
Normal saline admin: Lab findings 73%2020
Nosocomial infections: Treatment 85%2015
O2 E cylinder 56%2008
O2 del to tissues: Factors impacting 84%2014
O2 delivery to fetus in labor 37%2009
O2 delivery vs. PaO2 44%2012
O2 delivery vs. PaO2 (21%) 44%2013
O2 desaturation causes: Neonate 90%2020
O2 diffusion during exercise 78%2014
O2 release 87%2010
O2 transport: Quantitative aspects 53%2011
OLT: Hypocalcemia mech 73%2013
OLV: Hypoxemia Predictors 62%2020
OR costs: Labor vs materials 31%2014
Obesity: Lung volumes 61%2016
Obesity: Succinylcholine dosing 22%2015
Obesity: airway eval 73%2012
Obstructive Sleep Apnea: Diagnosis 85%2009
Obstructive lung dz: PFTs 39%2020
Obturator nerve: anatomy 84%2018
Occupational Exposure: Radiation 70%2019
Oculocardiac reflex 84%2017
Oculocardiac reflex: Anatomy 88%2018
Oculocardiac reflex: afferent path 72%2014
Odds ratio calculation 61%2008
Office Based Anesthesia: Equipment 80%2020
Office-based anesthesia: Guidelines 62%2016
Old MI: Preoperative risk assessment 68%2010
Oliguria: Dx 68%2015
Omphalocele vs gastroschisis 68%2016
Omphalocele: Associated Conditions 49%2020
Omphalocele: Heart Disease 66%2018
Ondansetron: Side effect 6%2013
One lung vent: O2 desat Rx 72%2011
One-lung ventilation: Indications 50%2014
Opioid Reversal 26%2009
Opioid conversion: IV and IT 80%2020
Opioid dependence: Definition 95%2017
Opioid metabolism 94%2018
Opioid neurotoxicity: treatment 47%2010
Opioid overdose: ABG 93%2019
Opioid tolerance: Symptoms 81%2020
Opioid: Prodrug 92%2015
Opioids and aging 41%2012
Opioids: Effects on seizure threshold 58%2018
Opioids: Lung first pass 31%2016
Opioids: Pruritus 76%2020
Opioids: Renal failure 94%2017
Oral Clonidine 84%2010
Organ Transplant: Cold Ischemia Times 85%2019
Organ donation: Process 20%2015
Organ donor and lungs: Mgmt 93%2017
Organ donor: Diabetes insipidus 92%2018
Organ donor: Fluid mgmt 92%2019
Organ donor: Rx of DI 91%2015
Organ donor: bradycardia Rx 51%2009
Organ donor: treatment of DI 89%2008
Organophosphate poisoning: diagnosis and treatment 96%2020
Osteomyelitis: diagnosis 87%2008
Outpatient surgery contraindications 92%2020
OxyHb dissoc: Characteristics 88%2018
Oxygen delivery index determinants 95%2009
Oxygen delivery: Factors impacting 75%2016
Oxygen delivery: Pipeline vs cylinder 90%2015
Oxygen regulator: Characteristics 91%2012
Oxygen saturation: PaO2 71%2008
Oxygen toxicity: Symptoms 13%2018
Oxygenation during one-lung ventilation 63%2008
Oxytocic drugs: Indications 66%2013
Oxytocin: Electrolyte effects 39%2010
P50 of hemoglobin: factors influencing 63%2015
PACU bypass: Rationale 44%2019
PACU bypass: Stage I bypass criteria 23%2010
PCA basal infusion and ped pts 90%2019
PCA clinical advantages 53%2015
PCEA labor analgesia 87%2012
PDA repair: Recurrent laryng N injury 83%2014
PDPH: Prevention 88%2015
PEEP to treat hypoxia 86%2009
PEEP: Effect on PAOP 58%2010
PEEP: LV effects 14%2010
PEEP: Lung volume effect 30%2010
PFTs: DLCO 82%2012
PH buffering: Bicarbonate 89%2010
POCD: Predictors 96%2016
PONV after pediatric surgery 96%2012
PONV prophylaxis 81%2009
PONV: Peds vs. adults 89%2010
PONV: Prevention in children 65%2014
PONV: Risk factors 71%2015
PONV: Risk reduction 98%2017
PONV: Rx 68%2015
PaO2: temperature correction 51%2008
Pacemaker Designation 84%2015
Pacemaker Intraoperative complications 31%2017
Pacemaker and electrocautery 76%2012
Pacemaker nomenclature 92%2020
Pacer lead placement: ECG morphology 76%2010
Pain after TKA: Mgmt 89%2017
Pain management: Rib fracture 92%2015
Pain terms 97%2015
Paired vs. unpaired t-test 64%2009
Paraplegia: Autonomic hyperreflexia 66%2010
Parasymp nervous system: Ganglia 78%2015
Parasympathetic: Cardiac innervation 83%2015
Parathyroidectomy: Cx 31%2013
Parathyroidectomy: Intraoperative Monitoring 74%2020
Parental presence: Indications 83%2010
Parental presence: Induction 61%2012
Parenteral nutrition: Indications 90%2014
Patent ductus arteriosis: Diagnosis 36%2010
Pathophysiology of Drowning and Near-Drowning 70%2019
Peak vs. plateau airway pressure 76%2009
Pediatric ETT size 85%2019
Pediatric PONV: Risk factors 93%2019
Pediatric Sedation: Monitoring 78%2019
Pediatric airway management 79%2014
Pediatric anomalies: A/W management 71%2017
Pediatric circuit: Dead space 11%2012
Pediatric postop reg analg 82%2014
Pediatric sedation: Adverse events 69%2018
Pediatric syndromes: Airway 90%2019
Pediatric warming techniques 83%2020
Pediatric: Preoperative anxiety 30%2015
Peds circuit, work of breathing 85%2014
Peds sleep apnea risk factors 50%2011
Peds: Foreign body aspiration 88%2014
Pericardial Effusion 98%2014
Periodic paralyses: Hyperglycemia 61%2013
Periop Insulin: Effects 66%2014
Periop anaphylaxis etiology 71%2012
Periop antihypertensive drug mgmt 98%2020
Periop beta-blockade: Risks 81%2015
Perioperative DNR 79%2014
Perioperative renal failure: Predictor 6%2013
Perioperative risk of MI 33%2017
Peripartum changes in CO 95%2015
Periph compartment syndrome Dx 55%2014
Peripheral TPN complications 51%2009
Peripheral nerve: Anatomy 60%2015
Peripheral nerves: Sensory vs motor 84%2012
Peripheral oxygen delivery 30%2008
Persistent fetal circulation: Causes 49%2020
Phantom limb pain treatment 98%2014
Pharmacodynamics of vecuronium in infants
Pharmacodynamics: Dose response curve 92%2020
Pharmacokinetics: 1st order elimination 59%2017
Pharmacokinetics: Genetic variability 77%2014
Pharmacology in the elderly 58%2013
Pharyngeal reflex: Innervation 94%2013
Phase II depolarizing blockade 75%2017
Phases of Labor
Phenytoin: Ion channels 68%2012
Phenytoin: Neuromusc block effect 66%2012
Pheochromocytoma hypertension treatment 33%2010
Pheochromocytoma: Dx markers 47%2009
Pheochromocytoma: Rx of HTN 80%2014
Pheochromocytoma: preop preparation 98%2016
Phrenic N stim: Side effects 24%2011
Physician impairment: Referral 63%2010
Physiologic Changes of Pregnancy: Time Course 23%2020
Physiologic changes: High altitude 86%2018
Pin index safety system 93%2015
Pituitary adenoma: deficiencies 94%2011
Placenta accreta: Risk factors 66%2010
Placental Drug Transfer: Determinants 79%2020
Placental gas exchange: Bohr effect 76%2020
Placental ion exchange 64%2013
Placental transfer: Anesth drugs 69%2011
Placental transfer: anticholinergic 57%2012
Placental transfer: local anesthetics 86%2015
Plasma osmolality: Determinants 67%2020
Plt inhibitor drugs: Tirofiban mech 31%2011
Pneumoperitoneum: Physiologic effects 83%2017
Poiseuille’s law: IV fluids 66%2015
Polymorphic VT: Rx 56%2012
Pons injury: Symptomatology 79%2020
Porphyria: anesthesia risks 65%2015
Positive type and screen Rx 85%2011
Post CPB management: SVR 86%2013
Post dural punct headache: Prevention 88%2020
Post herpetic neuralgia: Prevention 62%2014
Post op neuropathy: Lateral position 68%2019
Post spinal back ache 77%2016
Post-CPB creatinine increase: Differential diagnosis 85%2010
Post-cardiac transplant patient 74%2008
Post-dural puncture headache: risk factors 92%2017
Post-junctional Acetylcholine Receptors
Post-op cardiac event: Risk factors 52%2015
Post-op hypotension: Pulm emb 80%2011
Post-tonsillectomy complications 55%2012
Postherpetic neuralgia Rx 80%2011
Postherpetic neuralgia: risk factors 69%2018
Postobstr pulm edema: Mgmt 98%2017
Postobstructive pulmonary edema 86%2014
Postop Hepatic Dysfunction 57%2019
Postop blindness: Dx 91%2012
Postop blindness: Etiology 93%2020
Postop diabetes insipidus: Rx 97%2012
Postop hepatic dysfunct: Risk factors 39%2014
Postop hepatic dysfunction 70%2017
Postop hyperbilirubinemia: Causes 89%2017
Postop hypertension: Rx 88%2020
Postop nausea: Rx 85%2020
Postop oliguria: Endocrine causes 89%2011
Postop sepsis: Dx 90%2017
Postop uterine atony: Causes 72%2012
Postop ventilation 97%2014
Postoperative ATN: Differential diagnosis 74%2010
Postoperative SIRS/sepsis: Dx 83%2015
Postoperative Visual Loss: Risk Factors 48%2020
Postoperative apnea: post conceptual age 40%2008
Postoperative delirium: Rx 61%2016
Postoperative jaundice: Differential diagnosis 77%2018
Postoperative nausea: Inhalational 91%2017
Postoperative nausea: inhalational agents 82%2019
Postoperative oliguria: cause 76%2008
Postoperative visual loss: Anatomy 94%2017
Potassium: ECG changes 44%2016
Power analysis for sample size 94%2015
Power analysis: Study design 90%2010
Practice standards: Definition 93%2015
Pre-term labor: treatment 51%2009
Preanesth eval: Cardiac 56%2020
Preanesth heart murmur: Significance 90%2018
Predictor difficult intubation 97%2015
Preeclamp: Complications 87%2014
Preeclampsia: Lab abnormalities 98%2011
Preeclampsia: Placental effects 42%2015
Pregnancy: Anemia 88%2017
Pregnancy: Aspiration risk vs time 87%2015
Pregnancy: Asthma + uterine atony 70%2014
Pregnancy: DIC 92%2014
Pregnancy: Fibrinogen 83%2019
Pregnancy: GE reflux mechanism 90%2010
Pregnancy: Hematologic changes 85%2010
Pregnancy: Heme and e-lyte changes 71%2008
Pregnancy: Hemodynamic changes 42%2019
Pregnancy: Hemodynamic changes 54%2017
Pregnancy: Hemostasis 46%2014
Pregnancy: Lung volumes 88%2011
Pregnancy: Plasma proteins 54%2011
Pregnancy: Respiratory changes 88%2019
Pregnancy: SVT Rx 72%2012
Pregnancy: asthma 78%2008
Pregnancy: gastric function 57%2008
Pregnancy: hemodynamic effects 42%2014
Pregnancy: inhalation induction 91%2008
Pregnancy: laboratory measurements 71%2008
Premedication: Side effects 99%2014
Preop ECG: Indications 89%2017
Preop eval: Amer Coll Card Guidelines 70%2015
Preoperative Cardiac Evaluation
Preoperative anxiolysis in children 51%2009
Preoperative evaluation: American College of Cardiology Guidelines 68%2015
Preoperative laboratory testing 63%2019
Preoperative renal failure predictors 61%2010
Preoperative testing: Bayes theorem 64%2010
Preoptic anterior hypothalamus: Dx 91%2012
Prerenal oliguria Dx/Rx 83%2015
Prerenal oliguria: dx 71%2009
Pressure Support: Weaning 64%2019
Pressure support ventilation 84%2015
Pressure vs. volume ventilation: ICU 94%2010
Preterm labor and Surg 66%2014
Prevent ventilator assoc. pneumonia 97%2018
Primary pulmonary HTN and pregnancy 81%2013
Professional liability: Tort law 86%2019
Prolonged NMB risk factors 86%2011
Prolonged QT: Pharmacotherapy 47%2020
Propofol Infusion syndrome: Dx 27%2009
Propofol mechanism of action 97%2011
Propofol: Administration guidelines 67%2012
Propofol: Respiratory effects 12%2020
Prostaglandin for congenital heart: Dx 23%2010
Protamine reaction 44%2018
Protamine reaction: Prevention 91%2019
Protein synthesis, stress induced 27%2012
Pseudocholinesterase deficiency 94%2019
Pseudocholinesterase synthesis 87%2008
Pseudotumor cerebri: LP effect 52%2011
Pulm diffusing capacity 74%2015
Pulm hypertension: Causes 89%2019
Pulmonary aspiration treatment 73%2011
Pulmonary embolism 77%2008
Pulmonary embolism: Dx 91%2015
Pulmonary embolism: Pathophysiology 95%2013
Pulmonary embolus: Dx tests 92%2016
Pulmonary function: ALS 95%2008
Pulmonary hypertension: Dx 47%2012
Pulmonary vs SVR: Calculation 92%2012
Pulseless Vtach Rx 77%2011
Pyloric stenosis: Electrolytes 85%2013
Pyloric stenosis: Fluid therapy 43%2011
Pyloric stenosis: metabolic abnormality 94%2010
QT prolongation with antiemetics
Quality measures: Patient care 85%2015
R vs L IJ cath complications 96%2012
RCRI: Major adverse cardiac event 86%2019
Radiation exposure vs distance 62%2015
Radiation exposure: Ocular effects 79%2017
Radiculopathy: steroid epidural 65%2008
Recovery of neuromuscular function in different muscles 43%2008
Recurrent laryngeal nerve injury 85%2008
Red blood cell additives 68%2018
Reflex bronchoconstriction: Neurons 87%2015
Refractory hemophilia 53%2008
Refusal of blood transfusion 59%2014
Regional Anesthesia: Bony Landmarks 66%2017
Regional anesthesia monitoring 97%2018
Regional anesthesia: Mech. of injury 66%2015
Regional anesthetic: foot surgery
Regional anesthetics: low molecular weight heparin 90%2008
Relationship of alveolar vent to PaC O2 39%2016
Renal Failure: CPB surgery 75%2012
Renal Function Estimation 80%2020
Renal Insufficiency ICU sedation 80%2019
Renal blood flow: Receptor type 90%2015
Renal failure: electrolytes 64%2009
Renal failure: periop preservation 93%2009
Renal failure: platelet function 58%2009
Renal insufficiency: Dx 38%2009
Renal insufficiency: hyperkalemia 44%2009
Renal replacement Rx selection 91%2017
Renal replacement therapy: Patient selection 82%2010
Renal transplant: ATN prevention 85%2015
Renal transplant: mannitol 54%2011
Renin-angiotensin CV physiology 77%2010
Respiratory acidosis: Potassium 88%2017
Respiratory alkalosis: renal compensation 49%2008
Respiratory distress syndrome: effects (peds) 68%2008
Respiratory effects: TPN 83%2020
Respiratory failure: Preoxygenation 59%2020
Respiratory function: Dead space 80%2014
Respiratory quotient: Energy sources 67%2013
Restrictive lung disease: diagnosis 94%2012
Resuscitation: IV fluid choice 99%2016
Retinal detachment: Gas bubble 90%2018
Retinal detachmt: Gas bubble 93%2016
Retrobulbar Block: Complications 61%2020
Retrobulbar block: Hemodynamic effect 72%2015
Retrobulbar vs. peribulbar block 74%2019
Retrograde cardioplegia: Indication 75%2020
Rhabdomyolysis: Complications 69%2019
Rheumatoid arthr complications 59%2012
Rheumatoid arthritis complications 52%2009
Rib fractures: Pain mgmt 96%2019
Ritodrine: effects 28%2008
Robotic prostatectomy: contraindications 66%2009
Root cause analysis 98%2019
Root cause analysis: Essential elements 83%2010
Ruptured diaphragm: Dx 87%2013
Ruptured diaphragm: Tx
Rx of intracranial hypertension in CHF 65%2012
Rx of periop SVT 92%2013
Rx: Antithrombin 3 deficiency 87%2012
SBE prophylaxis 82%2011
SBE prophylaxis indications 94%2014
SE vs. SD calculation 48%2015
SIADH: Diagnosis 77%2016
SIADH: Electrolytes 96%2012
SIADH: Lab abnormalities 91%2020
SID: Hyperchloremic acidosis 3%2013
SSEP Latency: anesthetic drugs 68%2009
SSEP monitoring: Anes effects 98%2020
SSEP: physiological effects 59%2008
SSEPs: Ischemia effects 95%2018
SSRIs: Drug interactions 63%2016
SVR and PVR: Calculation 91%2019
Saline: hyperchloremic acidosis 97%2010
Saphenous nerve block 97%2015
Saphenous nerve damage: signs 82%2011
Sciatic nerve block: Anatomy 56%2013
Sciatic nerve block: Contraindication 78%2015
Sciatic nerve distribution 97%2019
Second gas effect 95%2013
Secondary Hypothyroid: Labs 71%2019
Seizure Disorders
Selective Digestive Decontamination
Sensitivity and specificity 52%2012
Sentinel event: Definition 89%2020
Sepsis: Vasopressin 69%2012
Septic shock therapy 97%2008
Septic shock: Dx 81%2018
Septic shock: Fluid resuscitation 96%2015
Septic shock: Hypotension Rx 90%2014
Septic shock: Metabolic effects 60%2017
Septic shock: Vasopressin treatment 78%2010
Septic shock: stress response mediators 55%2008
Serotonin syndrome: Clinical findings 83%2016
Serum osmolality: Components 86%2017
Sevo uptake: Infant vs. adult 86%2012
Shock states: DDx 80%2020
Shock: Pulmonary embolism 96%2013
Shunt: effect of increased FiO2 48%2009
Side effects of etomidate 88%2013
Side effects of tocolytics 51%2012
Significance of U/S probe frequency 93%2018
Signs of Emergence: GA 44%2019
Sildenafil drug interactions 94%2014
Sinus surgery: Spheno ganglion 79%2015
Sinus tachycardia: Mgmt 49%2014
Sites of NO production 97%2012
Sitting position: BP measurement 93%2010
Sleep Apnea: Classification 49%2020
Smoking cessation: Acute effects 66%2015
Smoking cessation: P50 effect 63%2014
Smoking cessation: acute physiology 90%2010
Smoking: Physiologic effects 93%2020
Soda lime exhaustion: Mgmnt 95%2015
Soda lime exhaustion: Mgmt 93%2019
Sodium nitroprusside: Toxicity 85%2018
Somatic pain vs. visceral pain 91%2014
SpO2 effect of methemoglobin 88%2012
SpO2: Carbon monoxide 97%2015
Spasticity: Management 87%2020
Spinal Anesthesia: Contraindications 49%2016
Spinal Anesthesia: Level of block
Spinal anatomy: Anterior spinal artery syndrome 60%2015
Spinal anes anatomy: Paramedian 96%2019
Spinal anesthesia complications 66%2008
Spinal anesthesia complications: MRI indications 98%2010
Spinal anesthesia spread: Factors 73%2010
Spinal anesthesia: Premie indications 76%2014
Spinal anesthetics: anatomy 51%2008
Spinal anesthetics: neonatal indications 76%2008
Spinal anesthetics: severe bradycardia 46%2008
Spinal anesthetics: transient neurologic symptoms 90%2011
Spinal baricity: Levels 87%2019
Spinal block: Infant vs. adult 63%2012
Spinal cord anatomy 92%2018
Spinal cord blood supply 96%2020
Spinal cord stim indications 65%2011
Spinal cord stimulator: Reprogramming 77%2010
Spinal cord: Blood supply 72%2019
Spinal cord: blood flow 32%2008
Spinal hypotension: treatment 97%2010
Spinal microcatheters 45%2014
Spinal stenosis: Diagnosis 96%2020
Spine osteomyelitis Dx 91%2011
Spironolactone: Side effects 86%2014
Spread of epidural anesth 91%2013
Stages of anesthesia 90%2020
Standard deviation 79%2012
Statins in Sepsis
Statistical analysis: power 99%2009
Statistical tests: Sensitivity 62%2014
Statistics: ANOVA 88%2019
Statistics: ANOVA indications 79%2010
Statistics: Interval data 76%2020
Statistics: Measures of Dispersal 83%2019
Statistics: Test of proportions 63%2013
Statistics: median 89%2009
Steep Trendelenburg: Risks 87%2019
Stellate ganglion block: Anatomy 77%2015
Stellate ganglion block: effects 65%2012
Steroid prophylaxis indications 69%2012
Stored blood: Properties 90%2019
Stress and Carbohydrate Metabolism 47%2020
Stress response: Lipolysis 46%2020
Stress response: Metabolic effect 82%2014
Stridor in infants: Etiologies 80%2018
Stroke volume: Atrial Fibrillation Effects 72%2010
Strong ion difference: Etiology 19%2015
Study design: blinding 71%2014
Sub-ambient pressure alarm 49%2012
Subarachnoid bleed: ECG effects 62%2010
Subarachnoid hemorrage: nimodipine 87%2009
Subarachnoid hemorrhage complication 82%2013
Subdural injection: symptoms 62%2008
Subglottic drainage ETT: Indication 89%2020
Substance Abuse: Relapse Risk 78%2019
Substance abuse: Treatment 85%2017
Succinycholine in Guillain Barre Syndrome 29%2008
Succinycholine: lower esophageal sphincter pressure 52%2008
Succinylcholine and bradycardia 91%2009
Succinylcholine contraindications 98%2011
Succinylcholine in Guillain Barre Syndrome 29%2008
Succinylcholine: Contraind in neuromu 85%2016
Succinylcholine: K effects 73%2018
Succinylcholine: Normal K increase 73%2016
Succinylcholine: Termination of Blockade 66%2020
Succinylcholine: lower esophageal sphincter pressure 52%2008
Superior laryngeal nerve anatomy 80%2010
Surgery risk during pregnancy 68%2012
Surgical stimulation: Effect on MAC 69%2010
Sux in neuromuscular disease 88%2012
Sux side effects 98%2013
SvO2 physiology 85%2012
Sweat glands: Innervation 30%2012
Sympathetic nervous system: Ganglia 77%2018
Symptomatic bradycardia: Treatment 84%2014
Synchronized electrical cardioversion 68%2009
Syst vs Diast heart failure: Dx 74%2013
Systemic Effects of Ketamine
T-test: Indications 82%2018
TAP block: Anatomy 88%2020
TAVI complications 61%2014
TCA OD: ECG findings 73%2020
TCD: Utility in CEA 37%2011
TE fistula: ETT positioning 87%2012
TEE views: perfusion distribution 22%2008
TEE views: perfusion distribution (22%) 22%2008
TEE: Aortic valve 59%2018
TEE: Atrial appendage 85%2019
TEE: Cannula Placement 33%2017
TEE: Contraindications 99%2014
TEE: LV anatomy 51%2018
TEE: Tamponade vs hypovolemia 69%2012
TEE: Ventricular wall anatomy 42%2014
TEE: diagnosis: hypotension
TEF: Other abnormalities 44%2015
TEG interpretation 52%2018
TEG: Decreased MA Dx/Rx 67%2014
TENS indications 55%2012
TIVA: Advantages 63%2020
TOF: Cause of fade 39%2017
TPN discontinuation complications 91%2012
TPN: Phosphorous Deficiency 90%2015
TPN: Respiratory quotient 67%2014
TPN: metabolic effects 80%2012
TRALI: Findings on CXR 74%2012
TRALI: Leukopenia 37%2013
TRALI: Presentation 92%2015
TRALI: Risk Factors 80%2019
TRALI: Treatment 48%2010
TURP solutions: Neuro complications 78%2014
TURP syndrome: Treatment 90%2012
TURP: CNS Complications 82%2017
TURP: Irrigating fluid complications 43%2016
TURP: benefit of spinal 63%2018
Tachydysrhythmias: Tx 93%2014
Tension pneumothorax: Dx and Rx 77%2010
Tet spell: Pharm Rx 30%2011
Tetanus: Pathophysiology 39%2014
Tetralogy of Fallot Rx 86%2012
Tetralogy of Fallot: Decreased SpO2 91%2015
Therap hypother: Electrolyte abnorm 41%2020
Thiopental termination of action 95%2011
Thiopental therapeutic coma 73%2012
Thiopental theraputic coma 73%2012
Thiopental: CMRO2/CBF relationship 86%2010
Thoracoscopy: Hypoxemia treatment 42%2010
Thyroid surgery and hypocalcemia 98%2014
Thyroid surgery: RLN monitoring 69%2020
Thyroidectomy: complications 94%2020
Thyrotoxicosis: Rx 24%2013
Time constant definition 13%2009
Time units definition 85%2014
Torsade de Pointes: Treatment 83%2013
Total Body Water Content 60%2019
Total knee replacement: Regional anesthesia techniques 82%2010
Tourniquet deflation 81%2015
Tourniquet deflation: Physiol effects 95%2017
Tourniquet management 83%2019
Tourniquet release: Physiol changes 86%2020
Tourniquet: Metabolic effects 90%2019
Tracheoesophageal fistula: Assoc anom 79%2013
Tramadol: Mechanism of Action 72%2020
Tramadol: Pharm 79%2019
Transcutaneous pacing 80%2011
Transcutaneous pacing modes 80%2011
Transdermal fentanyl indications 93%2012
Transducer: Art line vs NIBP 94%2014
Transfusion mortality: Causes 47%2010
Transfusion rxn: Lab findings 96%2013
Transfusion rxn: Mgmnt 96%2013
Transfusion, leukoreduction 60%2020
Transfusion: Bacterial sepsis 89%2011
Transphenoidal surgery: DI Rx 87%2016
Transsphenoidal Surgery: DI Rx 84%2017
Traumatic Brain Injury: CPP 33%2010
Traumatic brain injury management 62%2014
Trigeminal neuralgia 85%2012
Trigeminal neuralgia: Rx 85%2012
Trigger point injections indications 89%2009
Tumescent anesthesia Cx 33%2016
Tumescent liposuction complications 92%2018
Tumescent liposuction: lidocaine dose 68%2019
Turbulent flow: Gas density 99%2019
Tx hypertension: Parkinson's 84%2013
Type I statistical error: definition 80%2008
Type O Rh- transfusion: Indications 98%2016
Type and Screen
URI: Airway Reactivity 75%2018
URI: Risk factors for complications 92%2019
Ultrasonography: internal jugular 93%2010
Ultrasound anatomy: Supraclav block 74%2018
Ultrasound physics 52%2019
Ultrasound probe: Frequency effect 96%2020
Ultrasound structures: echogenicity 70%2009
Ultrasound: Acoustic impedance 82%2011
Uncuffed ETT: Max leak pressure 81%2010
Unilateral blindness: etiology 95%2009
Upper Airway Anatomy 71%2017
Upper extremity cutaneous innervation 89%2018
Upper extremity nerve blocks: indications 98%2009
Upper extremity regional management 85%2015
Upper extremity tourniquet pain prevention 92%2018
Uptake and distribution: Pregnancy 95%2013
Uptake and distribution: infant vs. adult 58%2011
Uptake of inhaled anesthetics: V/Q mismatch 37%2009
Uterine atony 72%2012
Uterine blood flow determinants 83%2012
Uterine relaxation techniques 94%2020
Uterine tone and anesthetics 95%2015
Uterotonic agents: Side effects 79%2019
Uterotonic agents: Symptoms 79%2019
V/Q mismatch: emphysema 48%2014
V/Q ratio with shunt physiology 94%2020
VE/PaCO2 relationship: Hypoxia 53%2010
VF: Epinephrine mechanism 28%2010
VQ mismatch: Causes 9%2013
Vapor pressure 26%2008
Vaporizer output at altitude 75%2008
Vaporizer output calculation 25%2010
Vaporizers: Altitude effects 54%2020
Vasodilator pharmacodynamics 86%2012
Vasodilator pharmacokinetics 46%2009
Vasodilators: Renal blood flow 86%2012
Vasopressin Rx diabetes insipidus 55%2009
Vasopressin in acidosis 84%2016
Vasopressin secretion: Control 63%2018
Vasopressin secretion: Stimulation of 59%2016
Vasopressin: pharmacology 81%2015
Vasopressin:pharmacology 81%2015
Vasopressors: risk of myocardial ischemia 90%2009
Vecuronium: PD in geriatric patients 85%2013
Venous air embolism 87%2010
Ventilation modes: Pressure waveform 74%2010
Ventilator associated pneumonia management 93%2011
Ventilator disconnect: Detection 72%2010
Ventilator settings: atelectasis 74%2008
Ventilator: low tidal volume 87%2009
Ventilatory response at altitude 44%2013
Ventricular PV loops 76%2009
Ventricular hypertrophy 72%2008
Verapamil dantrolene interaction 56%2008
Visceral cancer pain: Mechanism 70%2020
Volatile agents: Ventilatory effects 84%2020
Volume controlled ventilation 78%2015
Volume status: Monitoring 66%2018
WHO analgesic ladder 97%2019
Wall oxygen failure: Signs 53%2010
Weaning from mech vent: Mgmt 72%2016
Work of breathing: Neonate vs. adult 40%2010
pH: Log relationship 43%2018
von Willebrand disease: Rx 65%2012