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Title
Difficulty
Year
2-Chloroprocaine onset45%2010
ABG measurement: Temp effect56%2016
ABG values: Measured vs calculated88%2019
ABG: COPD81%2009
ABG: Opioid effect75%2012
ABG: Pregnancy60%2009
ABG: Pulm embolism62%2012
ABG: Respiratory acidosis/metabolic alkalosis97%2010
ABG: Salicylate toxicity92%2009
ABG: morbid obesity and vomiting73%2009
ACC/AHA guidelines for periop CV eval68%2015
ACC/AHA guidelines: Stents72%2018
ACE Inhibitors: MI survival76%2011
ACE inhibitors: Mechanism of action58%2015
ACE inhibitors: Side effects76%2018
ACE-I: Contraindication91%2012
ACLS in pregnancy98%2014
ACLS: ETT confirmation79%2014
ACLS: Special circumstances55%2019
AICD malfxn: Causes49%2012
AIMS: EMR83%2013
ALS: Anesthetic concerns66%2015
ANP: Factors causing release88%2017
ARB: Side effects99%2018
ARDS: Optimal tidal volume78%2017
ARDS: Prone position mech.55%2011
ARDS: ventilator management87%2015
AS and arrhythmias91%2013
ASA PS Class 2 vs 390%2014
ASA Physical Status89%2019
ASA guidelines: sedation74%2016
ASA standards for monitoring71%2019
ASRA Guidelines: Herbal Supplementation41%2019
ASRA guidelines: Epid cath removal24%2014
AV pacing: Hemodynamic effect51%2010
AVM embolization/management34%2014
Abdom laparoscopy: Complications91%2016
Abdominal Compartment Syndrome47%2019
Abdominal Laparoscopy: Complications91%2016
Abdominal compartment syndrome: Diagnosis37%2015
Abnormal ECG: Catecholamines
Acetaminophen toxicity84%2010
Acetazolamide: Effects on ion conc77%2018
Acetazolamide: lab findings77%2015
Acetazolamide: mechanism of action79%2011
Acetylcholine receptor anatomy73%2015
Acetylcholine release: Physiology88%2013
Acid-base balance: Strong ion difference55%2017
Acidosis: Nonanion gap DDx93%2011
Acromegaly: Airway51%2019
Action potential: Ion channels70%2015
Acute Intermittent Porphyria: Trigger68%2019
Acute liver failure: CNS effects70%2019
Acute mountain sickness Rx60%2016
Acute septic shock75%2012
Acute tubular necrosis: Dx55%2014
Addiction: Definition66%2018
Addiction: Risk factors75%2016
Addison disease: blood chemistry68%2014
Addison’s disease: Perioperative treatment70%2010
Adductor Canal: Functional Anatomy71%2017
Adrenal insufficiency: Lab finding36%2015
Advanced multiple sclerosis: anesthetic drugs80%2012
Aerobic vs. anaerobic glycolysis74%2013
Afib: Stroke risk determination97%2017
Age-related P5098%2009
Aging: CNS changes90%2017
Aging: Cardiac physiology71%2019
Aging: Cardiovascular physiology60%2017
Aging: Physiologic changes22%2019
Aging: Pulmonary physiology91%2015
Aging: Volatile agents & EEG changes84%2018
Air embolism Dx79%2012
Air embolism: treatment99%2014
Air trapping: Ventilator management90%2010
Airway Examination62%2017
Airway assessment: Coexisting disease94%2010
Airway fire85%2011
Airway fire mgmt80%2018
Airway fire prevention40%2019
Airway innervation76%2019
Airway resistance: Poiseuille’s law76%2019
Airway: Pediatric vs Adult
Albumin: Na+ concentration4%2014
Albuterol vs ipratropium pharm89%2011
Aldosterone antag: Side effects91%2018
Aldosterone: Regulation41%2017
Alpha blockers: Selectivity41%2015
Alveolar gas equation: Altitude73%2019
Alveolar gas exchange69%2015
Amb Surg: Discharge delays91%2019
Ambulatory Surgery Fast Track Criteria31%2019
Ambulatory surgery costs46%2012
Ambulatory surgery: PONV Rx82%2017
Ambulatory surgery: Patient selection90%2019
Amiloride: Electrolyte effects64%2011
Amiloride: physiologic effects77%2008
Amiodarone side effects95%2019
Amiodarone: Toxicity85%2016
Amiodarone: hemodynamic effect49%2010
Amniotic fluid embolus: Dx95%2012
Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis: NMB94%2018
Anaphylaxis: Dx and Rx97%2017
Anaphylaxis: Epinephrine treatment90%2010
Anatomic shunt: Calculation52%2019
Anemia and coagulation38%2014
Anemia compensation62%2016
Anemia: CV compensation68%2017
Anemia: Physiologic Consequences33%2017
Anes drugs and IOP90%2011
Anes management: penetrating eye injury87%2012
Anes techniques: suspected MH99%2009
Anesth. mgmt: Asthma83%2012
Anesthesia Machine: Pressure Regulation22%2017
Anesthesia Ventilator: Piston vs. Bellows90%2019
Anesthesia for ECT: lidocaine effect53%2015
Anesthesia techniques: 1st stage labor83%2010
Anesthesia: uterine muscle tone96%2012
Anesthesiologist drug abuse: Fentanyl28%2014
Anesthesiologists: substance abuse28%2014
Anesthetic absorption: regional anesthetic techniques88%2008
Anesthetic uptake: Right-to-left shunt48%2014
Anesthetic uptake: Solubility coefficient66%2010
Anion gap acidosis89%2015
Ankle Block: Analgesic distribution74%2016
Ankle block: Analgesia distribution73%2017
Ankle block: anatomy37%2008
Ankle: Innervation96%2018
Ankylosing spondylitis: Epidural risks41%2011
Ant cerebral art stroke effects25%2011
Anterior hypothalamus injury: Sxs92%2015
Anterior mediastinal mass: effects90%2014
Antibiotic crossreactivity63%2015
Anticholinesterase Poisoning: Rx81%2019
Anticholinesterases in CRF72%2015
Anticoagulants: Effects on PT, PTT53%2016
Anticonvulsants: NMB duration92%2019
Antiphospholipid synd: Mgmt in labor63%2013
Antiplatelet drugs: Comparison71%2012
Antithrombotic drugs: Preop mgmt86%2011
Antithrombotic drugs: duration87%2008
Aortic clamping: ischemia mechanism90%2011
Aortic crossclamp: CV complications65%2010
Aortic insufficiency: Hemodynamic treatment88%2010
Aortic insufficiency: medical management89%2014
Aortic stenosis: A fib Rx65%2011
Aortic stenosis: Hypotension Rx81%2012
Arginine Vasopressin Mechanism of Action86%2018
Arginine vasopressin85%2014
Arginine vasopressin: Secretion85%2019
Arterial pressure wave: Starling85%2018
Arterial transducer: Position86%2019
Arterial waveform: Peripheral vs. Central65%2010
Ascending vent bellows advantages83%2014
Ascites: PFTs52%2011
Ascites: Pulm Effects61%2014
Aspiration mgmt: LMA94%2018
Aspirin toxicity and ABG86%2019
Aspirin toxicity: treatment79%2008
Aspirin: platelet effect96%2008
Asthma Rx: IgE blockers93%2019
Asthma: Postpartum hemorrhage treatment71%2010
Atelectasis during anesthesia: Etiol52%2012
Atlantoaxial instability: causes96%2009
Atrial flutter: Pharmacologic treatment37%2010
Automated drug delivery devices66%2014
Automated vs. Paper Anesthesia Records87%2010
Autonomic Hyperreflexia66%2010
Autonomic Innervation: upper extremity87%2009
Autonomic dysreflexia symptoms87%2013
Autonomic dysreflexia: Risk factors93%2014
Autonomic hyperreflexia risk factors89%2011
Autonomic hyperreflexia: Signs79%2015
Autonomic neurotransmitters78%2018
Awake acute blood loss acid-base69%2014
Awareness: Equipment issues47%2015
Axillary blk: U/S anatomy52%2019
Axillary block limitations74%2009
Axillary block: Median nerve rescue block66%2011
Axillary block: complications83%2009
B-blockers: Properties8%2013
BP measurement: Invasive vs noninvasive92%2017
Baclofen toxicity: Treatment84%2014
Bainbridge reflex51%2017
Barb coma: EEG endpoint62%2008
Barbiturate enzyme induction48%2013
Barbiturates: PK in the elderly63%2018
Bariatric surgery: Complications80%2016
Becker's muscular dystrophy: Rhabdomy47%2015
Benzocaine & methemoglobinemia98%2013
Benzodiazepines: respiratory effects95%2015
Beta-1 Receptor Upregulation: Causes37%2016
Beta-agonist: Bronchodilation mechanism55%2017
Beta-thalassemia: Newborn97%2010
Bicarb admin: CO2 effect87%2009
Bier Block Limitations76%2019
Bilateral carotid endarterectomy: Physiology69%2010
Biliary pressure: Drug effects86%2019
Biological warfare79%2015
Biostats: Bland Altman plot59%2017
Bivent pacing: Indications50%2015
Blood brain barrier: Fluid Transfer73%2019
Blood gas coefficient58%2018
Blood oxygen transport59%2008
Blood supply to AV node46%2016
Blood: Crossmatch53%2014
Botox: pain relief mechanism58%2015
Botulinum toxin: Mech of action92%2019
Bowel distention95%2009
Brachial artery catheter: Cx78%2009
Brachial plexus block: Anatomy86%2019
Brachial plexus: Anatomy88%2017
Bradycardia and heart transplant73%2016
Bradycardia and heart transplant: Rx74%2017
Bradycardia during carotid surgery82%2009
Brain death pathophysiology82%2009
Brain death: Reflexes87%2018
Brain stem surg manip: Hypertension82%2011
Brain: ketone metabolism60%2008
Bronchial blocker: Advantages88%2017
Bronchoconstriction: Reflex path91%2018
Bronchodilation: Anes drugs89%2011
Bronchomotor tone: Catecholamines83%2011
Bronchopleural fistula: Ventilator management73%2010
Bronchopulmonary dysplasia: Associated Disease72%2018
Bronchospasm triggers: ETT82%2010
Bronchospasm: acute treatment90%2008
Bronchospasm: mechanical ventilation Dx89%2012
Bupivacaine toxicity Rx65%2012
Burn management: carbon monoxide toxicity72%2011
Burns: CO poisoning Ddx73%2017
Burns: Fluid management90%2018
Burst suppression
Butyrylcholinesterase deficiency72%2008
Butyrylcholinesterase: Substrates66%2018
C-section: Morbidity42%2012
CBF: Factors influencing83%2018
CDC Guidelines: Vascular catheter infections74%2018
CDH: Ventilation strategy82%2012
CEA: Ischemia monitoring81%2016
CHF Frank Starl curve: Milrinone eff57%2011
CHF Frank Starl curve: Phenylephrine35%2011
CHF: Frank-Starling curve73%2015
CO diffus capacity: Abnormal DDx88%2011
CO from CO2 absorber68%2008
CO poisoning72%2011
CO poisoning: Diagnosis68%2008
CO poisoning: clinical features68%2008
CO toxicity: Treatment68%2008
CO2 absorbers: volatile anes toxicity87%2012
CO2 dissociation curve51%2013
CO2 rebreathing: Circle system49%2016
CO2 response curve62%2008
CO2 transport: bicarbonate56%2008
CO: CO2 absorbent43%2018
CPB antifibrinolytics73%2008
CPB oxygenator: Gas embolism40%2016
CPB prime: Additives53%2016
CRPS I: Clin findings92%2011
CRPS II: treatment59%2014
CRPS type 1: Symptoms93%2014
CV effects of vasopressin76%2017
CV pharmacology: catecholamines84%2008
CV physiology: LV52%2008
CV physiology: mixed venous oxygen52%2008
CVC infection prevention: CDC guidelines16%2017
CVC: CXR landmarks85%2018
CVL complications98%2018
CVP waveform: Components
CXR: Central line position21%2016
Calcium channel blocker: NM blockade76%2015
Calcium chelation: transfusion99%2009
Calcium: ECG changes7%2013
Calculation pulmonary vs systemic vascular resistance84%2009
Cancer pain: Plexus block46%2019
Cancer pain: WHO ladder69%2013
Capnogram waveform: obstruction61%2008
Capnothorax: Diagnosis80%2019
Carbamazepine toxicity74%2010
Carbon monoxide poisoning: Dx71%2012
Carbon monoxide poisoning: Rx65%2008
Carcinoid crisis: treatment67%2010
Carcinoid syndrome77%2016
Carcinoid syndrome cardiac lesions89%2019
Carcinoid syndrome: Complications87%2018
Cardiac Eval: AV disease85%2014
Cardiac PV loops84%2013
Cardiac anat: Coronary circ92%2019
Cardiac anatomy: TEE5%2013
Cardiac arrest: Induced hypothermia98%2016
Cardiac cycle: ECG94%2019
Cardiac morbidity: Pre-op factors34%2010
Cardiac pacemaker indications61%2010
Cardiac surface anatomy34%2008
Cardiac tamponade: Anesth management80%2018
Cardiac tamponade: Dx88%2013
Cardiac tamponade: Eff of HR on CO82%2016
Cardiac tamponade: Pulsus paradoxus94%2010
Cardiac tamponade: TEE Dx73%2015
Cardiac vascular anatomy: TEE35%2014
Cardiogenic shock: DDx76%2013
Cardiomyopathy: TEE Dx and Rx91%2016
Cardiopulmonary bypass management33%2009
Carotid Endarterectomy: CNS monitoring63%2009
Carotid baroreflex during CEA89%2014
Carotid body: Hypoxic drive45%2012
Carotid endarterectomy: Complications56%2015
Carotid sinus reflex: Rx98%2012
Carotid sinus stim: post-heart transplant76%2009
Carotid stent: Bradycardia cause97%2010
Carotid stent: Bradycardia prevention97%2010
Carotid surgery: CNS monitoring70%2012
Categorical data: Chi square test52%2010
Catheter related sepsis: Prevention92%2019
Caudal anesthesia67%2009
Caudal anesthesia: Anatomy
Caudal anesthesia: Infant dose62%2014
Caudal space anatomy96%2015
Caudal: System Toxicity54%2017
Causes of atrial fibrillation84%2013
Causes of upregualtions of NAChR56%2008
Cbf/CMRO2 drug effects83%2011
Celiac plexus block distribution95%2011
Celiac plexus block: Side effects82%2012
Celiac plexus block: complications85%2017
Celiac plexus block: indications83%2008
Central line infections: prevention72%2009
Central sleep apnea vs. OSA57%2012
Central venous placement: Technique62%2016
Central venous pressure wave forms58%2014
Cerebral Aneurysm clipping: anes management58%2009
Cerebral aneurysm: Electrolytes81%2014
Cerebral aneurysm: Transmural pressure21%2013
Cerebral autoregulation42%2012
Cerebral blood flow: Temperature effect75%2010
Cerebral blood vol: Vasodilators74%2019
Cerebral ischemia: deep hypothermia63%2009
Cerebral perfusion pressure (CPP) determ
Cerebral vasospasm: treatment87%2012
Cerebrovascular resist: Vasodilators71%2017
Cervical cerclage: Anesthetic management66%2010
Cervical fracture, Intubation techniques75%2010
Chest wall compliance: Calculation59%2015
Chest x-ray: Cardiac anatomy86%2019
Chi-squared test application64%2019
Chi-squared test: appropriate data46%2008
Child-Pugh Scoring system82%2014
Child-Pugh score: Factors76%2012
Chloroprocaine metabolism90%2009
Chloroprocaine placental transfer81%2012
Chronic back pain: Evaluation80%2016
Chronic meds: Periop continuation96%2017
Chronic opioid use: Side effects94%2018
Chronic opioids: side effects91%2009
Chronic pain: Methadone vs morphine79%2011
Chronic pain: cancer: methadone68%2008
Chronic pain: cancer: opioids42%2008
Circulatory arrest: pH-stat implications12%2010
Cirrhosis: NMB kinetics92%2010
Cirrhosis: hepatic synthetic fxn38%2015
Citrate Toxicity: Treatment86%2018
Clark electrode61%2013
Clinical trial: study power93%2008
Closed claims: Brain damage72%2010
Clostridium tetani infection15%2009
Coag factors in hepatic disease71%2012
Coagulation changes in pregnancy76%2018
Cocaine Intoxication: Treatment58%2019
Codeine: Metabolism96%2019
Colloid administration: Complications84%2017
Coma vs vegetative state79%2013
Compartment Syndrome: Dx55%2014
Compensated respiratory acidosis68%2015
Compensatory Mech and Anemia60%2014
Complete heart block: Rx54%2012
Complication bronchial blocker93%2019
Concentration effect71%2013
Congenital Long QT: management62%2009
Congenital emphysema: Mgmt85%2012
Congenital heart disease: Prostaglandin treatment23%2010
Congenital heart disease: pulmonary hypertension treatment74%2008
Constrictive Pericarditis: Venous waveform51%2012
Context sensitive half-time: Opioids79%2019
Context-sensitive half time92%2019
Contrast CT: Renal fxn preservation73%2015
Contrast dye nephrotoxicity97%2016
Contrast nephropathy: Risk reduction94%2018
Contrast-Induced Reaction: Risk Factors62%2019
Contrast-induced nephropathy98%2019
Controlled hypotension: Monitoring98%2019
Core competencies: Definition93%2019
Corneal Reflex: Anatomy70%2019
Coronary Artery: anatomy81%2012
Coronary Occlusion Resulting Heart Block85%2019
Coronary artery distribution61%2018
Coronary perfusion pressure95%2010
Coronary perfusion pressure: L vs. R27%2009
Corticosteroid defic in ICU93%2018
Corticosteroids: Effect on lab values92%2014
Craniotomy: positioning injury73%2008
Cricoid pressure: Effects33%2018
Cricothyroid muscle innervation79%2015
Critical temperature: Nitrous oxide50%2017
Cryoprecipitate: fibrinogen content81%2012
Crystalloid resuscitation: coagulopathy73%2011
Crystalloid vs colloid rx42%2015
Crystalloid vs colloid: Side effects63%2019
Cyanide toxicity: Dx77%2017
Cyanide toxicity: Rx82%2019
Cylinder content: weight vs. pressure93%2011
DDD pacemaker periop mgmt74%2014
DIC: Diagnosis92%2017
DIC: Laboratory findings98%2015
DKA Rx99%2016
DKA treatment93%2012
DLT vs. bronchial blocker83%2018
DM control: Glycosylated Hgb98%2011
DM: Stiff Joint Syndrome80%2018
DNR and anesthesia88%2011
DNR: Ethical principles92%2018
Dalton’s Law: Applied68%2014
Dantrolene mechanism99%2014
Decreased CO diffusion: Causes94%2014
Delayed emergence: differential diagnosis84%2014
Delayed transfusion reaction54%2014
Demyelinating diseases: PFTs86%2014
Denervated heart: exercise physiology77%2009
Depth of anesthesia: EEG findings69%2018
Desflurane vaporization physics96%2011
Desflurane vaporizer100%2016
Desflurane vs. Sevoflurane: Ambulatory surgery71%2018
Desmopressin for von Willebrand74%2009
Determinants of spinal level95%2015
Dexmedetomidine: CNS effects64%2016
Dexmedetomidine: CV effects70%2019
Dexmedetomidine: Hemodynamic effects90%2012
Diabetes insipidus intracranial surg93%2009
Diabetes insipidus: Rx63%2012
Diabetes: Autonomic neurop signs74%2019
Diabetes: Autonomic neuropathy43%2017
Diagnosis of croup99%2008
Dibucaine number36%2016
Differential spinal block46%2008
Difficult airway algorithm88%2018
Difficult airway: C-section53%2011
Difficult airway: Mgmt98%2019
Difficult mask ventilation: Predictor83%2019
Diffusion hypoxia99%2018
Digoxin Toxicity: ECG76%2019
Digoxin: Toxicity56%2017
Dilutional coagulopathy73%2014
Disclosure: Adverse event mgmt84%2017
Discogenic pain: Symptoms56%2013
Diuretic: Effects on acid-base balance85%2014
Diuretics: Adverse effects51%2014
Diuretics: Electrolyte effects96%2017
Diuretics: Mechanism of action84%2018
Diuretics: Potassium imbalance75%2019
Donepezil: Anesthetic interactions51%2018
Donor hepatectomy: INR elevation62%2016
Doppler shift and angle of incidence33%2012
Doppler ultrasonography principles84%2017
Double lumen tube placement88%2018
Down Syndrome anes implications
Down’s syndrome: abnormalities
Doxorubicin: Adverse effects92%2012
Doxorubicin: Complications87%2010
Drowning: Initial treatment15%2015
Drug elimination: Half life82%2016
Drugs: Controlled Hypotension71%2018
Duchenne muscular dystrophy: Sx63%2016
Duchenne's: PFTs86%2013
Dural sac: Anatomy
Dural sac: Caudal extent
Dx of Uterine rupture
Dx: Myxedema coma62%2013
Dx: Preeclampsia97%2014
E cylinder: N2O content91%2016
E-cylindr PSI/vol relationship94%2014
ECG leads: P-wave detection83%2010
ECG loose lead effect29%2009
ECG: Intraventricular conduct delay87%2015
ECT and heart dis: Anesth consid84%2017
ECT: Anes drug selection84%2018
ECT: Cardiac effects83%2018
ECT: Contraindications89%2015
ECT: Physiologic effects58%2016
ECT: anesthetic agents and seizure duration59%2008
ECT: seizure duration86%2019
ECT: side effects95%2008
ECT: side effects95%2009
EEG: high dose opiates34%2008
EMLA contraindications47%2008
ERAS: Goal Directed Fluid Therapy48%2019
ERAS: Nutritional strategies89%2019
ETOHism: Electrolyte abnormalities67%2014
EXIT procedure: Uterine atony94%2010
Eaton-Lambert: Mechanism94%2018
Effects of flumazenil76%2013
Effects of vasopressin vs epi62%2011
Electrolyte Homeostasis: hormones35%2009
Elevated FRC DDx79%2011
Elevated ICP: Hyperventilation80%2012
Elevated INR: Factor treatment76%2010
Emergence Delirium: Anesthetic Agents69%2019
Emergence delirium: Children78%2018
Emergency cesarean: Anes options77%2019
Emergency transfusion: Compatibility54%2019
Endobronchial intubation68%2008
Endobronchial intubation: Effects52%2019
Enhanced recovery protocol74%2018
Enoxaparin: assessment of effect83%2008
Enteral nutrition vs. TPN93%2012
Enteral nutrition: Complications95%2012
Enteral nutrition: Indications92%2018
Epid anesth: Adjuvants88%2018
Epid steriod indications: radiculop75%2014
Epidural analgesia: Complications85%2018
Epidural anatomy83%2012
Epidural anesthetics: Respiratory effects72%2019
Epidural clonidine: mechanism of action61%2008
Epidural local anesthetic: GI effect84%2019
Epidural local anesthetic: peristalsis effect59%2014
Epidural test dose: Sx88%2009
Epidural: Cardiovascular effects98%2018
Epidural: Clonidine vs morphine99%2014
Epiglottitis91%2010
Epiglottitis: Airway management67%2010
Epiglottitis: anesthetic management91%2010
Epiglottitis: diagnosis91%2010
Epiglottitis: inhalation induction65%2009
Epileptic focus: Suppression94%2015
Esoph sphincter tone: Anes drugs46%2011
Ethical principles: Autonomy97%2013
Ethics: Speaker disclosure91%2010
Ethics: Withdrawal of life support94%2018
Etiol bronchoconstriction91%2014
Etomidate: Adrenal suppression85%2015
Etomidate: Cerebrovascular Effects65%2018
Evoked Potentials: Aortic Surgery48%2019
Evoked potentials: anesthetic effects83%2010
Ex-premature: Pulmonary Cx72%2011
Extrajunctional ACh receptors72%2018
FA/FI volatile anesthetics94%2016
FB Aspiration: physical exam73%2009
FENa in hypovolemia51%2012
FENa: Significance83%2016
FFP Indications80%2018
FFP: Citrate toxicity Dx/Rx72%2015
FFP: warfarin reversal94%2009
FHT: Variable decelerations78%2019
FRC: Ventilatory setting effects91%2010
FRC: definition70%2010
FRC: diseases affecting89%2008
FV loop: mediastinal mass66%2008
Facet syndrome: Presentation62%2018
Factor V Leiden: Treatment90%2012
Factor VIII Concentrate: indications93%2009
Factor VIII antibodies: Rx92%2012
Factors affect anes depth74%2013
Factors affecting PvO244%2015
Factors affecting SSEP78%2017
Factors affecting SVO290%2018
Factors affecting defibrillation45%2013
Factors affecting turbulent flow99%2016
Factors affecting vaporizer output60%2012
Factors causing prolonged neuromuscular blockade86%2011
Failed intubation: Rx85%2015
Fat Embolism84%2012
Fat embolism: Dx84%2012
FeNa significance84%2019
Febrile transfusion reaction49%2018
Febrile transfusion reaction mechanism45%2014
Federal regulation agencies: Ors72%2011
Femoral Nerve Block anatomy63%2018
Fenoldopam: Mechanism95%2019
Fenoldopam: Renal effects55%2010
Fetal HR pattern: Maternal hypotension76%2010
Fetal HR pattern: Normal labor68%2010
Fetal Hb: Oxygen transport89%2017
Fetal blood gas values78%2009
Fetal perfusion during surgery97%2012
Fibromyalgia DDx86%2011
Fibromyalgia: Tender point charact86%2016
Fibromyalgia: Tx96%2017
Flow volume loop & goiter87%2018
Flow volume loop: BP fistula56%2015
Flow-volume loop: Interpretation89%2016
Flowmeter: Gas properties56%2010
Fluid replacement in peds61%2015
Fluid therapy: Glycocalyx29%2016
Fluids: traumatic brain injury78%2017
Fontan single ventricle phys79%2017
Foot surgery: Regional anesthesia83%2019
Furosemide: Side effects73%2018
Furosemide: Venodilation21%2014
GCS: Indication for intubation85%2015
Gas laws: temp/pressure changes23%2009
Gastric volume: PO liquid effect13%2014
Gastric volume: breast milk vs. clear liquids86%2008
Gastroschisis & Abd closure: pulm88%2014
Gastroschisis: Abd closure pulm eff88%2011
Geriatric Patients: Dosing Differences67%2019
Geriatric anestheia: pulmonary changes
Geriatrics: Autonomic function72%2011
Geriatrics: MAC alterations59%2019
Geriatrics: Muscle relaxants54%2017
Geriatrics: NSAIDs use96%2008
Geriatrics: Pulmonary changes100%2018
Geriatrics: SVR95%2016
Glasgow coma scale: definition62%2014
Glaucoma: Management of PONV97%2019
Glucocort: Mineralocorticoid activity74%2017
Glycopyrrolate: Adverse effects91%2015
Glycopyrrolate: Side effects84%2018
Goal directed therapy: Sepsis80%2016
Guillain-Barré: autonomic dysfxn32%2014
H2-blockers: Onset time74%2013
HCTZ: mechanism of action52%2008
HIPAA: Definition92%2018
HIPAA: Privacy rule exclusions54%2015
HIV Rx: Anes drug interactions54%2016
HOCM anesthetic mgmt88%2014
HOCM: hypotension Rx89%2009
HPV Inhibition82%2019
HPV Inhibition: Drugs14%2016
HPV: Inhibition82%2019
Haldane effect47%2012
Head down position: hypoxemia41%2009
Heart block: Coronary occlusion67%2010
Heart transplant: autonomic effect81%2015
Heat loss: Mechanisms75%2017
Heat loss: Prevention57%2018
Heliox effects76%2014
Heliox: Airway resistance90%2011
Helium advantages: Small-bore tube63%2010
Helium properties80%2018
Hemiarthroplasty: Causes of decreasing BP88%2015
Hemodialysis effects72%2008
Hemodialysis: Lab effects69%2014
Hemodynamic effects of alpha blockers84%2008
Hemodynamics of laryngoscopy49%2015
Hemolysis: bilirubin levels65%2009
Hemophilia: Factor Deficiencies82%2019
Heparin resistance: Rx97%2012
Hepatic Blood Flow: Regulation50%2019
Hepatic arterial buffer response50%2016
Hepatic artery buffer response73%2018
Hepatic bilirubin excretion83%2015
Hepatic blood flow: Factors affecting93%2015
Hepatic blood supply36%2017
Hepatic dysfunction
Hepatic protein synthesis73%2015
Hepatic synthetic capacity: Dx70%2012
Hepatic synthetic function: Labs66%2018
Hepatic synthetic function: Measures89%2017
Hepatitis B: Needle stick diagnosis88%2010
Hepatopulmonary Syndrome: Pathophysiology64%2017
Herbal medicines: anticoagulation effects78%2014
Herbal supplements98%2013
Herbals: garlic95%2009
Herpes and pregnancy62%2008
Herpes zoster: Rx87%2012
Hetastarch: platelet function56%2015
High A-a gradient: Causes84%2012
High respiratory quotient: Lipogenesis20%2015
Hip Fx: Fat embolism mgmt84%2012
Hip arthroplasty: GA vs RA80%2019
Hormonal stress response76%2019
Hydrochlorothiazide: Blood chemistry effects24%2010
Hyperaldosteronism: Drug treatment93%2008
Hyperbaric N2O77%2013
Hyperbaric O2 seizures: Treatment20%2016
Hyperbaric Oxygen: indications100%2018
Hyperbaric chamber: MAC effect73%2010
Hypercalcemia: Acute treatment92%2019
Hypercapnia: Causes17%2015
Hypercarbia: O2 release to tissues84%2012
Hypercarbia: alveolar gas equation
Hyperchloremic metabolic acidosis95%2019
Hyperglycemia: Preop mgmt88%2016
Hyperglycemia: complications81%2009
Hyperkal periodic paralysis triggers64%2014
Hyperkalemia66%2010
Hyperkalemia treatment66%2010
Hypermagnesemia treatment67%2010
Hyperparathyroidism: signs54%2012
Hypertension: brainstem injury73%2008
Hypertension: brainstem surgery
Hypertensive disorders in pregnancy45%2018
Hyperthyroidism: Dx66%2015
Hyperthyroidism: signs37%2009
Hyperventilation: Cerebral physiology97%2015
Hypocalcemia: ECG effects75%2010
Hypocarbia: Electrolyte effects55%2014
Hypoglycemia: Glucagon69%2019
Hypokalemia: Periop mgmt28%2017
Hypokalemic periodic paral trigger46%2016
Hypokalemic periodic paralysis81%2019
Hyponatremia and CNS pathology56%2014
Hyponatremia: Evaluation78%2014
Hypoparathyroidism: Rx95%2012
Hypophosphatemia: Complications74%2019
Hypophosphatemia: Muscle weakness44%2013
Hypoplastic left heart physiol92%2014
Hypothermia with spinal: Physiol93%2015
Hypothermia: Cold OR mechanism
Hypothermia: Effects53%2016
Hypothermia: Infant vs. toddler79%2010
Hypothermia: Physiol effects97%2019
Hypothermia: Prevention94%2019
Hypothermia: pH stat management53%2010
Hypovent in PACU54%2014
Hypovolemia signs: Pediatrics72%2012
Hypovolemia: renin-angiotensin response78%2013
Hypoxemia: closing capacity vs. FRC90%2008
Hypoxemia: ventilator management56%2009
Hypoxia during pneumonectomy: treatment90%2010
Hypoxia gen anes: Pregnancy89%2015
Hypoxic pulmonary vasodilation27%2008
IABP: Contraindications92%2017
ICD removal complications65%2014
ICP: tumor: corrected mechanism57%2008
ICU: enteral nutrition86%2015
IHSS46%2009
IHSS: Treatment84%2012
IJ line: Cx86%2019
IV anesthetics: Pain on injection4%2013
IV regional: Mechanism79%2014
IV regional: Pharmacology53%2018
IV solutions: Osmolality40%2015
IV to po opioids: Equivalency70%2014
Identification epileptic foci: Drugs91%2012
IgA deficiency and transfusion89%2015
Ilioinguinal anatomy63%2013
Ilioinguinal block: Complications35%2014
Impact of pH on O2 delivery to tissue9%2013
Impaired anesthesiologist: Signs84%2018
Impaired physician: Manifestations79%2015
Implantable cardiac defibrillator: interventions36%2009
Incompetent expiratory valve: Signs80%2010
Increased FRC: Causes76%2014
Increased FRC: Etiology85%2015
Increased ICP: Treatment38%2010
Increased ICP: induction agents97%2011
Indications for hypertonic saline92%2015
Induced hypothermia84%2013
Infant preop fasting: Breast milk95%2011
Inhalational anesthesia: ventilatory effects55%2009
Inhaled agents: Uterine tone93%2011
Inhaled anesthetic: Uptake87%2015
Inhaled anesthetics: Mech of action41%2018
Inhaled anesthetics: vapor pressure39%2008
Inotropes: Alpha-1 activity92%2012
Insulin deficiency: Phys effects61%2015
Interscalene Block: Anatomy
Interscalene block side effects79%2019
Interscalene block: Complications100%2017
Interscalene block: Sens distribution90%2019
Interscalene block: Technique57%2018
Intestinal obstruction: N2O62%2014
Intra-art SBP amplification mech17%2011
Intracranial aneurysm: IV fluids666%2014
Intraocular gas: Contraindications89%2019
Intraocular pressure: Effectors95%2017
Intraop awareness: Risk factors91%2018
Intraop glucose requirements98%2019
Intraoperative fluid management: infants56%2018
Intraoperative oliguria: hyperventilation38%2008
Intrapartum fever: Rx88%2016
Intrapulmonary shunt and O2 Tx70%2016
Intrascalene block: anatomy
Intravascular fluids: Distribution64%2019
Intravascular: Extracellular volume ratio58%2012
Intubation in Pierre Robin syndrome76%2012
Ionizing radiation: Treatment66%2015
Ischemic optic neur: Risk factors87%2017
Isoflurane: CMRO2 effect90%2012
Isolation precautions87%2014
Isovolemic hemodilution compensation28%2008
Jehovah's Witness: Cell salvage90%2016
Jehovah’s Witness: Blood products92%2017
Jet ventilation, gas exchange53%2014
Jet ventilation: Complications92%2019
Joint commission: anesthesia standards31%2008
Ketamine analgesic mechanism88%2019
Ketamine receptor effects82%2009
Ketamine side effects92%2012
Ketamine: Effect on BIS78%2019
Ketamine: Pheochromocytoma94%2010
Ketamine: Respiratory effects95%2018
Ketorolac: renal function92%2010
Knee surgery: Blocks82%2019
L-spine: Radiologic anatomy73%2019
LE fracture: Tourniquet mgmt
LMA: Intubation guide42%2015
LMWH: Assessment88%2014
LMWH: Mechanism of action62%2018
LV failure: Diagnosis and treatment post-CPB37%2010
LV filling physiology82%2015
LV function in geriatric pts89%2013
LV pressure-volume relations: Impact of preload71%2012
Lab assessment of renal function3%2008
Labetalol pharmacokinetics38%2016
Labor pain, regional blocks65%2014
Lactated Ringer’s Solution: Metab72%2019
Lambert-Eaton Syndrome: Physiology73%2010
Lambert-Eaton: Pathophysiology86%2019
Laparoscopy complications93%2017
Laparoscopy: Air vs. N2O93%2013
Laparoscopy: Complications92%2019
Laparoscopy: ETCO294%2011
Laparoscopy: Elevated ETCO2 Ddx93%2014
Laparoscopy: Physiologic changes93%2017
Laparoscopy: Physiologic effects90%2018
Laparoscopy: Resp complications83%2018
Laparoscopy: increased PaCO284%2012
Laryngeal anatomy19%2017
Laryngeal innervation83%2017
Laryngoscopic view: Grading90%2018
Laryngospasm causes97%2008
Laryngospasm mechanism40%2010
Laryngospasm treatment options49%2015
Laryngospasm: Management75%2019
Laser airway fire: Mgmt90%2016
Laser resistant ET80%2017
Laser-safe endotracheal tubes68%2010
Laser: Safety73%2019
Lat fem cut n: Ext landmarks53%2016
Latex allergy treatment90%2015
Latex allergy: Foods85%2017
Legally privileged conversation72%2017
Leukoreduction: Viral transmission31%2010
Leukotriene inh: Asthma96%2019
Level of hypoxemia: Factors impacting97%2013
Levels of Sedation: Definitions76%2019
Line isolation monitor78%2018
Liposuction: LA solution54%2018
Liposuction: lidocaine toxic dose33%2010
Lithium and muscle relaxants47%2013
Lithium: Anesthetic interactions59%2018
Lithotomy position: Nerve Injury68%2010
Lithotripsy: Contraindications69%2019
Liver transpl: Hypocalcemia etiology75%2016
Liver transplant: Fxn of allograft73%2012
Liver transplant: Reperfusion effect70%2018
Liver transplantation: Electrolyte disturbances51%2014
Local anes concentration calc86%2013
Local anes onset: Factors influencing76%2013
Local anes: Vasoconstriction99%2017
Local anesthetic: Methemoglobinemia94%2010
Local anesthetic: Side effects94%2019
Local anesthetic: Transient neurologic symptoms94%2015
Local anesthetics: Metabolism92%2018
Local anesthetics: systemic toxicity
Logistic Regression: Odds Ratio29%2014
Long QT syndrome: Medications97%2018
Lorazepam: Metabolism47%2015
Low back pain: Etiologies87%2013
Low tidal volume ventilation: Protective effect87%2010
Lower extremity nerves: Sensory distribution57%2008
Lower extremity tourniquet deflation: Physiologic effects80%2018
Lumbar nerve roots: Innervation58%2010
Lumbar sympathetic block: Indications20%2012
Lumbosacral radiculopathy: Mgmt68%2012
Lung compliance: Measurement55%2018
Lung function: Metabolic26%2014
Lung isolation81%2013
Lung protection ventilation: Pressure goal58%2010
Lung resection outcome: PFTs84%2012
Lung ultrasonography: Signs51%2017
Lung volumes and capacities: Def86%2016
Lungs: Metabolic function14%2013
Lusitropy: PV loop60%2014
MAC: factors affecting94%2018
MAO inhibitor: meperidine toxicity91%2009
MH vs. thyroid storm91%2011
MH: Presentation59%2018
MOCA requirements95%2009
MRI compatibility: Implants71%2019
MRI monitoring complications87%2017
MRI monitors artifacts90%2014
MRI: Contraindications76%2015
MRI: Monitoring hazards80%2016
MRI: Physiologic monitoring94%2018
MRI: Quenching92%2019
MRI: Resuscitation76%2018
MRI: Thermal burns78%2018
MRSA tx25%2015
Magnesium complications76%2009
Magnesium toxicity: Signs74%2018
Magnesium toxicity: Tx97%2018
Magnesium: Hypotensive effect41%2012
Magnesium: side effects
Mainstem Intub: Physiologic effects90%2015
Malignant Hyperthermia: Treatment50%2019
Malignant Hyperthermia: testing79%2017
Malignant hyperthermia: Associated disorders
Malignant hyperthermia: Periop mgmt90%2019
Malignant hyperthermia: Signs55%2016
Mallampati Airway Classification83%2019
Management: acute heart failure66%2009
Management: lumbosacral radiculopathy71%2009
Mannitol osmolarity effects41%2009
Mannitol: Hemodynamic effects65%2014
Mapleson D: Rebreathing98%2010
Mask CPAP: Physiologic effects87%2010
Mass casualty: Nerve agent21%2019
Maternal mortality causes93%2009
Maternal physiology: Blood volume84%2013
Maternal physiology: Respiratory55%2016
Maximum ABL calculation62%2010
Mechanical ventilation: Renal effects68%2012
Mechanism of action: p45035%2015
Mechanisms of Cerebral Vasoconstriction83%2019
Meconium aspiration64%2012
Meconium aspiration: Rx62%2012
Meconium: Tracheal suctioning64%2012
Mediastinal mass: CXR43%2015
Mediastinal tumor: Airway obstruction92%2010
Mediastinoscopy: vascular compression85%2009
Medication Errors: Etiology89%2019
Meningomyelocele: Arnold-Chiari assoc64%2011
Meperidine: Renal Failure98%2018
Metabolic Alkalosis: Causes19%2017
Metabolic acidosis: Etiology78%2018
Metabolic alkalosis: Respiratory compensation79%2010
Metabolism: Meperidine58%2014
Metformin/Contrast dye interaction83%2009
Metformin: Complications97%2013
Metformin: Contrast dye88%2012
Metformin: Periop mgmt98%2014
Methadone treatment management98%2009
Methadone: QT interval52%2011
Methemoglobinemia95%2011
Methemoglobinemia: Treatment95%2011
Methemoglobinemia: diagnosis95%2011
Methyl methacrylate: Complications82%2018
Metoclopramide: Pharm effects72%2019
Metoclopramide: esophageal sphincter tone80%2012
Metoclopramide: gastric effects95%2009
Meyer Overton correlation73%2019
MgSO4: Cardiac effects91%2012
Mgmnt of hypoxemia during OLV73%2015
Mgmt difficult airway: Obese pt97%2014
Mgmt: WPW58%2014
Midazolam: Bioavailability versus Route
Midazolam: Peds oral dosage88%2014
Milrinone: CV effects93%2017
Milrinone: pharmacology78%2012
Min invasive CABG: Single lung vent79%2019
Misfilled vaporizer: Output calc58%2018
Mitochondrial myopathy: Anes concerns95%2019
Mitral Insufficiency: Pharmacologic Treatment
Mitral insufficiency: medical management63%2011
Moderate sedation: ASA guidelines43%2015
Monitored anesthesia care: Requirements89%2012
Monitoring for residual NMB86%2009
Monitoring: barbiturate coma73%2012
Morbid Obesity: post-op complications73%2012
Morbid obesity and atelectasis95%2014
Morbid obesity: DVT90%2008
Morbid obesity: Drug dosing60%2014
Morbid obesity: Hypoxemia physiology60%2016
Morbid obesity: PFTs64%2018
Morbid obesity: rapid desaturation55%2012
Morphine: Metabolites75%2018
Motor evoked potentials: Anesth effec89%2015
Multiple myeloma: Symptoms93%2011
Multiple sclerosis: Periop mgmt65%2012
Multiple sclerosis: Risk of pulm comp8%2013
Multiple sclerosis: exacerbation85%2018
Muscle relaxants: Benzodiazepine84%2014
Muscle relaxants: Drug interactions53%2019
Muscle relaxation: Anes agents92%2017
Muscle relaxation: Mechanism59%2008
Myasthenia gravis and postop ventilation74%2019
Myasthenia gravis and postoperative ventilation90%2017
Myasthenia gravis preop risk eval54%2011
Myasthenia gravis: Pharmacologic Rx89%2018
Myasthenia gravis: postop management52%2015
Myasthenia: Effects on neonate76%2018
Myasthenia: Muscle relaxant effects41%2010
Myasthenia: physiology91%2008
Myasthenic Synd vs Myas Gravis: Sx72%2014
Myelomeningocele: Assoc anomalies56%2013
Myocard ischemia intraop Dx/Rx96%2011
Myocardial O2 consumption: determinants82%2009
Myocardial ischemia: Acute MR81%2010
Myocardial ischemia: Beta-blockers94%2018
Myocyte repolarization: Ionic flow40%2015
Myofascial pain syndrome: Dx45%2018
Myofascial pain: diagnosis61%2012
Myotonic dystrophy, intraop mgt9%2014
Myotonic dystrophy: Aspiration risk76%2010
Myotonic dystrophy: Preop eval29%2011
N2O and intraocular gas86%2014
NIOSH concentration limits37%2018
NM transmission: Ions73%2011
NMB and hyperparathyroidism50%2017
NMB drug interactions98%2009
NMB in Eaton-Lambert syndrome67%2008
NMB reversal: Assessment60%2010
NMB/volatile agent interaction48%2012
NMB: Brain stem reflexes71%2019
NMB: Rhabdomyolysis75%2013
NMB: Site of action86%2015
NMBA dosing in geriatric patients68%2016
NMBs in CRF99%2011
NMBs: ED95 definition23%2011
NMJ AChR upregulation causes77%2017
NMJ: Anticholinesterase fxn85%2015
NMJ: Ca release mechanism56%2019
NMJ: Cholinergic receptor anatomy85%2018
NMJ: Postjunctional receptors91%2019
NO hemodynamic effect79%2010
NPO guidelines94%2018
NPO recommendation infants95%2017
Nalbuphine: Plateau effect mechanisms73%2010
Nasal fiberoptic intubation83%2009
National Practitioner Database15%2013
Nd: YAG laser characteristics41%2011
Neck anatomy: 2D ultrasound82%2018
Needle stick injury mgmt64%2018
Negative pressure pulmonary edema: Physiology75%2018
Neonatal apnea hypoxemia physiol89%2019
Neonatal bradycardia: treatment68%2010
Neonatal circulation96%2018
Neonatal cyanosis: Ddx88%2016
Neonatal hypoxia: physiology64%2008
Neonatal myasthenia gravis71%2016
Neonatal nasal CPAP: mechanism43%2011
Neonatal resuscitation and meconium92%2017
Neonatal resuscitation medication73%2013
Neonatal vs. adult cardiac physiology67%2010
Neonate: duration of post-anesthesia monitoring40%2008
Neostigmine: Max dose rationale66%2014
Neostigmine: Side Effects65%2019
Neostigmine: muscarinic effects87%2011
Nerve action potential termination mechanism70%2010
Nerve block landmarks49%2012
Nerve block: stimulation current vs. distance52%2008
Nerve gas: Tx79%2018
Neuraxial anesth: Cardiovascular effects71%2012
Neuraxial blockade and anticoagulants97%2017
Neuraxial opioid action site96%2015
Neuraxial opioids: tolerance86%2008
Neuromuscular Blockade: Monitoring84%2019
Neuromuscular block: vecuronium45%2009
Neuromuscular blockade: Recovery57%2019
Neuromuscular blocking agents in CRF97%2008
Neuromuscular disease: Succinylcholine hyperkalemia100%2015
Neuromuscular diseases: muscle pain56%2009
Neuromuscular transmission in Myasthenia Gravis80%2019
Neuromuscular transmission: ion flow82%2018
Neuropathic pain: Pathophysiology42%2015
Neuropathic pain: treatment98%2008
Neutral thermal environment: advantages66%2011
Newborns: Dehydration assessment72%2012
Nicotine: Anesth implications97%2019
Nitric oxide: Mechanism of action93%2018
Nitric oxide: Toxicity22%2012
Nitroglycerin: Uterine relaxation97%2010
Nitroprusside toxicity Treatment25%2010
Nitroprusside toxicity: blood chemistry35%2008
Nitrous Oxide: CBF and CMRO235%2010
Nitrous oxide: Air space expansion90%2019
Nitrous oxide: Closed spaces71%2017
Nitrous oxide: bowel distention77%2012
Nondepolarizing NMB: Synergism36%2016
Noninvasive BP: Oscillometry76%2018
Norepinephrine: CV effects59%2012
Normal saline admin: Lab findings77%2018
Nosocomial infections: Treatment85%2015
O2 E cylinder56%2008
O2 del to tissues: Factors impacting84%2014
O2 delivery to fetus in labor37%2009
O2 delivery vs. PaO244%2012
O2 delivery vs. PaO2 (21%)44%2013
O2 desaturation causes: Neonate88%2015
O2 diffusion during exercise78%2014
O2 release87%2010
O2 transport: Quantitative aspects53%2011
OLT: Hypocalcemia mech73%2013
OLV: Hypoxemia Predictors59%2017
OR costs: Labor vs materials31%2014
Obesity: Lung volumes61%2016
Obesity: Succinylcholine dosing22%2015
Obesity: airway eval73%2012
Obstructive Sleep Apnea: Diagnosis85%2009
Obturator nerve: anatomy84%2018
Occupational Exposure: Radiation70%2019
Oculocardiac reflex84%2017
Oculocardiac reflex: Anatomy88%2018
Oculocardiac reflex: afferent path72%2014
Odds ratio calculation61%2008
Office-based anesthesia: Guidelines62%2016
Old MI: Preoperative risk assessment68%2010
Oliguria: Dx68%2015
Omphalocele vs gastroschisis68%2016
Omphalocele: Heart Disease66%2018
Ondansetron: Side effect6%2013
One lung vent: O2 desat Rx72%2011
One-lung ventilation: Indications50%2014
Opioid Reversal26%2009
Opioid conversion: IV and IT85%2017
Opioid dependence: Definition95%2017
Opioid metabolism94%2018
Opioid neurotoxicity: treatment47%2010
Opioid overdose: ABG93%2019
Opioid tolerance: Symptoms84%2018
Opioid: Prodrug92%2015
Opioids and aging41%2012
Opioids: Effects on seizure threshold58%2018
Opioids: Lung first pass31%2016
Opioids: Pruritus74%2017
Opioids: Renal failure94%2017
Oral Clonidine84%2010
Organ Transplant: Cold Ischemia Times85%2019
Organ donation: Process20%2015
Organ donor and lungs: Mgmt93%2017
Organ donor: Diabetes insipidus92%2018
Organ donor: Fluid mgmt92%2019
Organ donor: Rx of DI91%2015
Organ donor: bradycardia Rx51%2009
Organ donor: treatment of DI89%2008
Organophosphate poisoning: diagnosis and treatment72%2015
Osteomyelitis: diagnosis87%2008
Outpatient surgery contraindications91%2016
OxyHb dissoc: Characteristics88%2018
Oxygen delivery index determinants95%2009
Oxygen delivery: Factors impacting75%2016
Oxygen delivery: Pipeline vs cylinder90%2015
Oxygen regulator: Characteristics91%2012
Oxygen saturation: PaO271%2008
Oxygen toxicity: Symptoms13%2018
Oxygenation during one-lung ventilation63%2008
Oxytocic drugs: Indications66%2013
Oxytocin: Electrolyte effects39%2010
P50 of hemoglobin: factors influencing63%2015
PACU bypass: Rationale44%2019
PACU bypass: Stage I bypass criteria23%2010
PCA basal infusion and ped pts90%2019
PCA clinical advantages53%2015
PCEA labor analgesia87%2012
PDA repair: Recurrent laryng N injury83%2014
PDPH: Prevention88%2015
PEEP to treat hypoxia86%2009
PEEP: Effect on PAOP58%2010
PEEP: LV effects14%2010
PEEP: Lung volume effect30%2010
PFTs: DLCO82%2012
PH buffering: Bicarbonate89%2010
POCD: Predictors96%2016
PONV after pediatric surgery96%2012
PONV prophylaxis81%2009
PONV: Peds vs. adults89%2010
PONV: Prevention in children65%2014
PONV: Risk factors71%2015
PONV: Risk reduction98%2017
PONV: Rx68%2015
PaO2: temperature correction51%2008
Pacemaker Designation84%2015
Pacemaker Intraoperative complications31%2017
Pacemaker and electrocautery76%2012
Pacemaker nomenclature79%2018
Pacer lead placement: ECG morphology76%2010
Pain after TKA: Mgmt89%2017
Pain management: Rib fracture92%2015
Pain terms97%2015
Paired vs. unpaired t-test64%2009
Paraplegia: Autonomic hyperreflexia66%2010
Parasymp nervous system: Ganglia78%2015
Parasympathetic: Cardiac innervation83%2015
Parathyroidectomy: Cx31%2013
Parental presence: Indications83%2010
Parental presence: Induction61%2012
Parenteral nutrition: Indications90%2014
Patent ductus arteriosis: Diagnosis36%2010
Pathophysiology of Drowning and Near-Drowning70%2019
Peak vs. plateau airway pressure76%2009
Pediatric ETT size85%2019
Pediatric PONV: Risk factors93%2019
Pediatric Sedation: Monitoring78%2019
Pediatric airway management79%2014
Pediatric anomalies: A/W management71%2017
Pediatric circuit: Dead space11%2012
Pediatric postop reg analg82%2014
Pediatric sedation: Adverse events69%2018
Pediatric syndromes: Airway90%2019
Pediatric warming techniques86%2017
Pediatric: Preoperative anxiety30%2015
Peds circuit, work of breathing85%2014
Peds sleep apnea risk factors50%2011
Peds: Foreign body aspiration88%2014
Pericardial Effusion98%2014
Periodic paralyses: Hyperglycemia61%2013
Periop Insulin: Effects66%2014
Periop anaphylaxis etiology71%2012
Periop antihypertensive drug mgmt96%2017
Periop beta-blockade: Risks81%2015
Perioperative DNR79%2014
Perioperative renal failure: Predictor6%2013
Perioperative risk of MI33%2017
Peripartum changes in CO95%2015
Periph compartment syndrome Dx55%2014
Peripheral TPN complications51%2009
Peripheral nerve: Anatomy60%2015
Peripheral nerves: Sensory vs motor84%2012
Peripheral oxygen delivery30%2008
Persistent fetal circulation: Causes51%2015
Phantom limb pain treatment98%2014
Pharmacodynamics of vecuronium in infants
Pharmacokinetics: 1st order elimination59%2017
Pharmacokinetics: Genetic variability77%2014
Pharmacology in the elderly58%2013
Pharyngeal reflex: Innervation94%2013
Phase II depolarizing blockade75%2017
Phases of Labor
Phenytoin: Ion channels68%2012
Phenytoin: Neuromusc block effect66%2012
Pheochromocytoma hypertension treatment33%2010
Pheochromocytoma: Dx markers47%2009
Pheochromocytoma: Rx of HTN80%2014
Pheochromocytoma: preop preparation98%2016
Phrenic N stim: Side effects24%2011
Physician impairment: Referral63%2010
Physiologic changes: High altitude86%2018
Pin index safety system93%2015
Pituitary adenoma: deficiencies94%2011
Placenta accreta: Risk factors66%2010
Placental ion exchange64%2013
Placental transfer: Anesth drugs69%2011
Placental transfer: anticholinergic57%2012
Placental transfer: local anesthetics86%2015
Plasma osmolality: Determinants73%2018
Plt inhibitor drugs: Tirofiban mech31%2011
Pneumoperitoneum: Physiologic effects83%2017
Poiseuille’s law: IV fluids66%2015
Polymorphic VT: Rx56%2012
Pons injury: Symptomatology73%2017
Porphyria: anesthesia risks65%2015
Positive type and screen Rx85%2011
Post CPB management: SVR86%2013
Post dural punct headache: Prevention92%2018
Post herpetic neuralgia: Prevention62%2014
Post op neuropathy: Lateral position68%2019
Post spinal back ache77%2016
Post-CPB creatinine increase: Differential diagnosis85%2010
Post-cardiac transplant patient74%2008
Post-dural puncture headache: risk factors92%2017
Post-op cardiac event: Risk factors52%2015
Post-op hypotension: Pulm emb80%2011
Post-tonsillectomy complications55%2012
Postherpetic neuralgia Rx80%2011
Postherpetic neuralgia: risk factors69%2018
Postobstr pulm edema: Mgmt98%2017
Postobstructive pulmonary edema86%2014
Postop Hepatic Dysfunction57%2019
Postop blindness: Dx91%2012
Postop blindness: Etiology95%2018
Postop diabetes insipidus: Rx97%2012
Postop hepatic dysfunct: Risk factors39%2014
Postop hepatic dysfunction70%2017
Postop hyperbilirubinemia: Causes89%2017
Postop nausea: Rx54%2018
Postop oliguria: Endocrine causes89%2011
Postop sepsis: Dx90%2017
Postop uterine atony: Causes72%2012
Postop ventilation97%2014
Postoperative ATN: Differential diagnosis74%2010
Postoperative SIRS/sepsis: Dx83%2015
Postoperative apnea: post conceptual age40%2008
Postoperative delirium: Rx61%2016
Postoperative jaundice: Differential diagnosis77%2018
Postoperative nausea: Inhalational91%2017
Postoperative nausea: inhalational agents82%2019
Postoperative oliguria: cause76%2008
Postoperative visual loss: Anatomy94%2017
Potassium: ECG changes44%2016
Power analysis for sample size94%2015
Power analysis: Study design90%2010
Practice standards: Definition93%2015
Pre-term labor: treatment51%2009
Preanesth eval: Cardiac59%2018
Preanesth heart murmur: Significance90%2018
Predictor difficult intubation97%2015
Preeclamp: Complications87%2014
Preeclampsia: Lab abnormalities98%2011
Preeclampsia: Placental effects42%2015
Pregnancy: Anemia88%2017
Pregnancy: Aspiration risk vs time87%2015
Pregnancy: Asthma + uterine atony70%2014
Pregnancy: DIC92%2014
Pregnancy: Fibrinogen83%2019
Pregnancy: GE reflux mechanism90%2010
Pregnancy: Hematologic changes85%2010
Pregnancy: Heme and e-lyte changes71%2008
Pregnancy: Hemodynamic changes42%2019
Pregnancy: Hemodynamic changes54%2017
Pregnancy: Hemostasis46%2014
Pregnancy: Lung volumes88%2011
Pregnancy: Plasma proteins54%2011
Pregnancy: Respiratory changes88%2019
Pregnancy: SVT Rx72%2012
Pregnancy: asthma78%2008
Pregnancy: gastric function57%2008
Pregnancy: hemodynamic effects42%2014
Pregnancy: inhalation induction91%2008
Pregnancy: laboratory measurements71%2008
Premedication: Side effects99%2014
Preop ECG: Indications89%2017
Preop eval: Amer Coll Card Guidelines70%2015
Preoperative anxiolysis in children51%2009
Preoperative evaluation: American College of Cardiology Guidelines68%2015
Preoperative laboratory testing63%2019
Preoperative renal failure predictors61%2010
Preoperative testing: Bayes theorem64%2010
Preoptic anterior hypothalamus: Dx91%2012
Prerenal oliguria Dx/Rx83%2015
Prerenal oliguria: dx71%2009
Pressure Support: Weaning64%2019
Pressure support ventilation84%2015
Pressure vs. volume ventilation: ICU94%2010
Preterm labor and Surg66%2014
Prevent ventilator assoc. pneumonia97%2018
Primary pulmonary HTN and pregnancy81%2013
Professional liability: Tort law86%2019
Prolonged NMB risk factors86%2011
Prolonged QT: Pharmacotherapy55%2019
Propofol Infusion syndrome: Dx27%2009
Propofol mechanism of action97%2011
Propofol: Administration guidelines67%2012
Prostaglandin for congenital heart: Dx23%2010
Protamine reaction44%2018
Protamine reaction: Prevention91%2019
Protein synthesis, stress induced27%2012
Pseudocholinesterase deficiency94%2019
Pseudocholinesterase synthesis87%2008
Pseudotumor cerebri: LP effect52%2011
Pulm diffusing capacity74%2015
Pulm hypertension: Causes89%2019
Pulmonary aspiration treatment73%2011
Pulmonary embolism77%2008
Pulmonary embolism: Dx91%2015
Pulmonary embolism: Pathophysiology95%2013
Pulmonary embolus: Dx tests92%2016
Pulmonary function: ALS95%2008
Pulmonary hypertension: Dx47%2012
Pulmonary vs SVR: Calculation92%2012
Pulseless Vtach Rx77%2011
Pyloric stenosis: Electrolytes85%2013
Pyloric stenosis: Fluid therapy43%2011
Pyloric stenosis: metabolic abnormality94%2010
QT prolongation with antiemetics
Quality measures: Patient care85%2015
R vs L IJ cath complications96%2012
RCRI: Major adverse cardiac event86%2019
Radiation exposure vs distance62%2015
Radiation exposure: Ocular effects79%2017
Radiculopathy: steroid epidural65%2008
Recovery of neuromuscular function in different muscles43%2008
Recurrent laryngeal nerve injury85%2008
Red blood cell additives68%2018
Reflex bronchoconstriction: Neurons87%2015
Refractory hemophilia53%2008
Refusal of blood transfusion59%2014
Regional Anesthesia: Bony Landmarks66%2017
Regional anesthesia monitoring97%2018
Regional anesthesia: Mech. of injury66%2015
Regional anesthetic: foot surgery
Regional anesthetics: low molecular weight heparin90%2008
Relationship of alveolar vent to PaC O239%2016
Renal Failure: CPB surgery75%2012
Renal Insufficiency ICU sedation80%2019
Renal blood flow: Receptor type90%2015
Renal failure: electrolytes64%2009
Renal failure: periop preservation93%2009
Renal failure: platelet function58%2009
Renal insufficiency: Dx38%2009
Renal insufficiency: hyperkalemia44%2009
Renal replacement Rx selection91%2017
Renal replacement therapy: Patient selection82%2010
Renal transplant: ATN prevention85%2015
Renal transplant: mannitol54%2011
Renin-angiotensin CV physiology77%2010
Respiratory acidosis: Potassium88%2017
Respiratory alkalosis: renal compensation49%2008
Respiratory distress syndrome: effects (peds)68%2008
Respiratory effects: TPN80%2018
Respiratory failure: Preoxygenation54%2018
Respiratory function: Dead space80%2014
Respiratory quotient: Energy sources67%2013
Restrictive lung disease: diagnosis94%2012
Resuscitation: IV fluid choice99%2016
Retinal detachment: Gas bubble90%2018
Retinal detachmt: Gas bubble93%2016
Retrobulbar block: Hemodynamic effect72%2015
Retrobulbar vs. peribulbar block74%2019
Retrograde cardioplegia: Indication75%2018
Rhabdomyolysis: Complications69%2019
Rheumatoid arthr complications59%2012
Rheumatoid arthritis complications52%2009
Rib fractures: Pain mgmt96%2019
Ritodrine: effects28%2008
Robotic prostatectomy: contraindications66%2009
Root cause analysis98%2019
Root cause analysis: Essential elements83%2010
Ruptured diaphragm: Dx87%2013
Ruptured diaphragm: Tx
Rx of intracranial hypertension in CHF65%2012
Rx of periop SVT92%2013
Rx: Antithrombin 3 deficiency87%2012
SBE prophylaxis82%2011
SBE prophylaxis indications94%2014
SE vs. SD calculation48%2015
SIADH: Diagnosis77%2016
SIADH: Electrolytes96%2012
SIADH: Lab abnormalities92%2017
SID: Hyperchloremic acidosis3%2013
SSEP Latency: anesthetic drugs68%2009
SSEP monitoring: Anes effects99%2017
SSEP: physiological effects59%2008
SSEPs: Ischemia effects95%2018
SSRIs: Drug interactions63%2016
SVR and PVR: Calculation91%2019
Saline: hyperchloremic acidosis97%2010
Saphenous nerve block97%2015
Saphenous nerve damage: signs82%2011
Sciatic nerve block: Anatomy56%2013
Sciatic nerve block: Contraindication78%2015
Sciatic nerve distribution97%2019
Second gas effect95%2013
Secondary Hypothyroid: Labs71%2019
Seizure Disorders
Selective Digestive Decontamination
Sensitivity and specificity52%2012
Sentinel event: Definition91%2018
Sepsis: Vasopressin69%2012
Septic shock therapy97%2008
Septic shock: Dx81%2018
Septic shock: Fluid resuscitation96%2015
Septic shock: Hypotension Rx90%2014
Septic shock: Metabolic effects60%2017
Septic shock: Vasopressin treatment78%2010
Septic shock: stress response mediators55%2008
Serotonin syndrome: Clinical findings83%2016
Serum osmolality: Components86%2017
Sevo uptake: Infant vs. adult86%2012
Shock states: DDx72%2018
Shock: Pulmonary embolism96%2013
Shunt: effect of increased FiO248%2009
Side effects of etomidate88%2013
Side effects of tocolytics51%2012
Significance of U/S probe frequency93%2018
Signs of Emergence: GA44%2019
Sildenafil drug interactions94%2014
Sinus surgery: Spheno ganglion79%2015
Sinus tachycardia: Mgmt49%2014
Sites of NO production97%2012
Sitting position: BP measurement93%2010
Smoking cessation: Acute effects66%2015
Smoking cessation: P50 effect63%2014
Smoking cessation: acute physiology90%2010
Soda lime exhaustion: Mgmnt95%2015
Soda lime exhaustion: Mgmt93%2019
Sodium nitroprusside: Toxicity85%2018
Somatic pain vs. visceral pain91%2014
SpO2 effect of methemoglobin88%2012
SpO2: Carbon monoxide97%2015
Spasticity: Management87%2017
Spinal Anesthesia: Contraindications49%2016
Spinal Anesthesia: Level of block
Spinal anatomy: Anterior spinal artery syndrome60%2015
Spinal anes anatomy: Paramedian96%2019
Spinal anesthesia complications66%2008
Spinal anesthesia complications: MRI indications98%2010
Spinal anesthesia spread: Factors73%2010
Spinal anesthesia: Premie indications76%2014
Spinal anesthetics: anatomy51%2008
Spinal anesthetics: neonatal indications76%2008
Spinal anesthetics: severe bradycardia46%2008
Spinal anesthetics: transient neurologic symptoms90%2011
Spinal baricity: Levels87%2019
Spinal block: Infant vs. adult63%2012
Spinal cord anatomy92%2018
Spinal cord blood supply97%2017
Spinal cord stim indications65%2011
Spinal cord stimulator: Reprogramming77%2010
Spinal cord: Blood supply72%2019
Spinal cord: blood flow32%2008
Spinal hypotension: treatment97%2010
Spinal microcatheters45%2014
Spinal stenosis: Diagnosis90%2010
Spine osteomyelitis Dx91%2011
Spironolactone: Side effects86%2014
Spread of epidural anesth91%2013
Stages of anesthesia86%2018
Standard deviation79%2012
Statins in Sepsis
Statistical analysis: power99%2009
Statistical tests: Sensitivity62%2014
Statistics: ANOVA88%2019
Statistics: ANOVA indications79%2010
Statistics: Measures of Dispersal83%2019
Statistics: Test of proportions63%2013
Statistics: median89%2009
Steep Trendelenburg: Risks87%2019
Stellate ganglion block: Anatomy77%2015
Stellate ganglion block: effects65%2012
Steroid prophylaxis indications69%2012
Stored blood: Properties90%2019
Stress and Carbohydrate Metabolism31%2017
Stress response: Lipolysis32%2019
Stress response: Metabolic effect82%2014
Stridor in infants: Etiologies80%2018
Stroke volume: Atrial Fibrillation Effects72%2010
Strong ion difference: Etiology19%2015
Study design: blinding71%2014
Sub-ambient pressure alarm49%2012
Subarachnoid bleed: ECG effects62%2010
Subarachnoid hemorrage: nimodipine87%2009
Subarachnoid hemorrhage complication82%2013
Subdural injection: symptoms62%2008
Subglottic drainage ETT: Indication89%2018
Substance Abuse: Relapse Risk78%2019
Substance abuse: Treatment85%2017
Succinycholine in Guillain Barre Syndrome29%2008
Succinycholine: lower esophageal sphincter pressure52%2008
Succinylcholine and bradycardia91%2009
Succinylcholine contraindications98%2011
Succinylcholine in Guillain Barre Syndrome29%2008
Succinylcholine: Contraind in neuromu85%2016
Succinylcholine: K effects73%2018
Succinylcholine: Normal K increase73%2016
Succinylcholine: Termination of Blockade68%2017
Succinylcholine: lower esophageal sphincter pressure52%2008
Superior laryngeal nerve anatomy80%2010
Surgery risk during pregnancy68%2012
Surgical stimulation: Effect on MAC69%2010
Sux in neuromuscular disease88%2012
Sux side effects98%2013
SvO2 physiology85%2012
Sweat glands: Innervation30%2012
Sympathetic nervous system: Ganglia77%2018
Symptomatic bradycardia: Treatment84%2014
Synchronized electrical cardioversion68%2009
Syst vs Diast heart failure: Dx74%2013
Systemic Effects of Ketamine
T-test: Indications82%2018
TAP block: Anatomy83%2019
TAVI complications61%2014
TCD: Utility in CEA37%2011
TE fistula: ETT positioning87%2012
TEE views: perfusion distribution22%2008
TEE views: perfusion distribution (22%)22%2008
TEE: Aortic valve59%2018
TEE: Atrial appendage85%2019
TEE: Cannula Placement33%2017
TEE: Contraindications99%2014
TEE: LV anatomy51%2018
TEE: Tamponade vs hypovolemia69%2012
TEE: Ventricular wall anatomy42%2014
TEE: diagnosis: hypotension
TEF: Other abnormalities44%2015
TEG interpretation52%2018
TEG: Decreased MA Dx/Rx67%2014
TENS indications55%2012
TOF: Cause of fade39%2017
TPN discontinuation complications91%2012
TPN: Phosphorous Deficiency90%2015
TPN: Respiratory quotient67%2014
TPN: metabolic effects80%2012
TRALI: Findings on CXR74%2012
TRALI: Leukopenia37%2013
TRALI: Presentation92%2015
TRALI: Risk Factors80%2019
TRALI: Treatment48%2010
TURP solutions: Neuro complications78%2014
TURP syndrome: Treatment90%2012
TURP: CNS Complications82%2017
TURP: Irrigating fluid complications43%2016
TURP: benefit of spinal63%2018
Tachydysrhythmias: Tx93%2014
Tension pneumothorax: Dx and Rx77%2010
Tet spell: Pharm Rx30%2011
Tetanus: Pathophysiology39%2014
Tetralogy of Fallot Rx86%2012
Tetralogy of Fallot: Decreased SpO291%2015
Thiopental termination of action95%2011
Thiopental therapeutic coma73%2012
Thiopental theraputic coma73%2012
Thiopental: CMRO2/CBF relationship86%2010
Thoracoscopy: Hypoxemia treatment42%2010
Thyroid surgery and hypocalcemia98%2014
Thyroid surgery: RLN monitoring57%2017
Thyroidectomy: complications96%2018
Thyrotoxicosis: Rx24%2013
Time constant definition13%2009
Time units definition85%2014
Torsade de Pointes: Treatment83%2013
Total Body Water Content60%2019
Total knee replacement: Regional anesthesia techniques82%2010
Tourniquet deflation81%2015
Tourniquet deflation: Physiol effects95%2017
Tourniquet management83%2019
Tourniquet: Metabolic effects90%2019
Tracheoesophageal fistula: Assoc anom79%2013
Tramadol: Pharm79%2019
Transcutaneous pacing80%2011
Transcutaneous pacing modes80%2011
Transdermal fentanyl indications93%2012
Transducer: Art line vs NIBP94%2014
Transfusion mortality: Causes47%2010
Transfusion rxn: Lab findings96%2013
Transfusion rxn: Mgmnt96%2013
Transfusion, leukoreduction64%2017
Transfusion: Bacterial sepsis89%2011
Transphenoidal surgery: DI Rx87%2016
Transsphenoidal Surgery: DI Rx84%2017
Traumatic Brain Injury: CPP33%2010
Traumatic brain injury management62%2014
Trigeminal neuralgia85%2012
Trigeminal neuralgia: Rx85%2012
Trigger point injections indications89%2009
Tumescent anesthesia Cx33%2016
Tumescent liposuction complications92%2018
Tumescent liposuction: lidocaine dose68%2019
Turbulent flow: Gas density99%2019
Tx hypertension: Parkinson's84%2013
Type I statistical error: definition80%2008
Type O Rh- transfusion: Indications98%2016
Type and Screen
URI: Airway Reactivity75%2018
URI: Risk factors for complications92%2019
Ultrasonography: internal jugular93%2010
Ultrasound anatomy: Supraclav block74%2018
Ultrasound physics52%2019
Ultrasound structures: echogenicity70%2009
Ultrasound: Acoustic impedance82%2011
Uncuffed ETT: Max leak pressure81%2010
Unilateral blindness: etiology95%2009
Upper Airway Anatomy71%2017
Upper extremity cutaneous innervation89%2018
Upper extremity nerve blocks: indications98%2009
Upper extremity regional management85%2015
Upper extremity tourniquet pain prevention92%2018
Uptake and distribution: Pregnancy95%2013
Uptake and distribution: infant vs. adult58%2011
Uptake of inhaled anesthetics: V/Q mismatch37%2009
Uterine atony72%2012
Uterine blood flow determinants83%2012
Uterine relaxation techniques95%2018
Uterine tone and anesthetics95%2015
Uterotonic agents: Side effects79%2019
Uterotonic agents: Symptoms79%2019
V/Q mismatch: emphysema48%2014
VE/PaCO2 relationship: Hypoxia53%2010
VF: Epinephrine mechanism28%2010
VQ mismatch: Causes9%2013
Vapor pressure26%2008
Vaporizer output at altitude75%2008
Vaporizer output calculation25%2010
Vaporizers: Altitude effects58%2017
Vasodilator pharmacodynamics86%2012
Vasodilator pharmacokinetics46%2009
Vasodilators: Renal blood flow86%2012
Vasopressin Rx diabetes insipidus55%2009
Vasopressin in acidosis84%2016
Vasopressin secretion: Control63%2018
Vasopressin secretion: Stimulation of59%2016
Vasopressin: pharmacology81%2015
Vasopressin:pharmacology81%2015
Vasopressors: risk of myocardial ischemia90%2009
Vecuronium: PD in geriatric patients85%2013
Venous air embolism87%2010
Ventilation modes: Pressure waveform74%2010
Ventilator associated pneumonia management93%2011
Ventilator disconnect: Detection72%2010
Ventilator settings: atelectasis74%2008
Ventilator: low tidal volume87%2009
Ventilatory response at altitude44%2013
Ventricular PV loops76%2009
Ventricular hypertrophy72%2008
Verapamil dantrolene interaction56%2008
Visceral cancer pain: Mechanism78%2017
Volatile agents: Ventilatory effects92%2017
Volume controlled ventilation78%2015
Volume status: Monitoring66%2018
WHO analgesic ladder97%2019
Wall oxygen failure: Signs53%2010
Weaning from mech vent: Mgmt72%2016
Work of breathing: Neonate vs. adult40%2010
pH: Log relationship43%2018
von Willebrand disease: Rx65%2012