Air embolism: treatment

Physiology - Cardiovascular, Clinical - Neurologic

Treatment of air embolism includes discontinuation of nitrous oxide, aspiration through a right heart catheter, adequate supplementation of inspired oxygen, and prevention of further air entry into the circulation (flooding the field with saline, jugular compression and lowering the head in neurosurgical cases). Previous studies have shown that left lateral decubitus position may be effective by allowing air to move toward the right ventricular apex, thereby relieving the obstruction of the pulmonary outflow tract.

Sources

    Am Heart J;1947 Mar;33(3):269-81

    [PubMed: 20286347]

    N Engl J Med;1964 Jun 18;270():1353-4

    [PubMed: 14140269]

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2014

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2011

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2008

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