ICU: enteral nutrition

Basic, Critical Care

While the mantra “if the gut works, use it ” is still widely held to be true, data do not fully support any of the purported advantages of enteral over parenteral nutrition with the exception of lower cost . The concept of bacterial translocation and its minimization by using the intestinal tract is based almost entirely on animal studies.

Advantages of Enteral Nutrition

  • Less expensive
  • Wider array of nutrients can be delivered
  • No IV access needed (infection risk)
  • Animal studies suggest lower bacterial translocation

Uses of Parenteral Nutrition

  • Short Gut Syndrome
  • Bowel obstruction
  • Any other time enteral nutrition is inadequate

86%

Answered correctly

2015

Year asked

83%

Answered correctly

2008

Year asked