Legally privileged conversation
Advanced, Special Problems or Issues in Anesthesiology
Defined as a conversation or exchange of information between two individuals in a "protected (i.e., confidential) relationship," such as between an attorney and client, husband and wife, priest and penitent, and doctor and patient. The conversation must be held in private, and the privilege is waived when said conversation is disclosed to a third party. The privilege is held by the client (not the lawyer), the penitent (not the priest), the speaking (not the spoken-to) spouse, and the patient (not the doctor). A privileged conversation cannot be used as evidence in a court of law, and spouses cannot be forced to testify against each other.