Lung Function: Splinting Effects
Basic, Clinical Sciences: Anesthesia Procedures, Methods, and Techniques
● Hypoventilation (decreased chest wall movement, decreased FRC) along with ineffective cough due to pain and guarding leads to atelectasis and higher risk for pneumonia.
● Increased rapid shallow breathing
● Decreased mucociliary clearance
● Intrapulmonary shunting leading to hypoxemia
● Respiratory failure
Morgan GE, Mikhail MS, Murray MJ. (2006). Clinical anesthesiology. New York: Lange Medical Books/McGraw Hill Medical Pub. Division. p.569, 1268