Parental presence: Indications

Pediatrics

Parental presence during the induction of anesthesia has been suggested as an alternative to sedative premedication. Potential benefits include reduced need for preoperative sedation, reduced anxiety, and increased compliance during induction of anesthesia.

A national survey published in 2004 indicated that there is a large variability in hospital policy in the United States regarding parental presence. 32% of the hospitals allow parental presence, 11% encourage parental presence, 23% have no formal policy, and 26% do not allow it. A survey of anesthesiologists reported that only 10% of anesthesiologists have parents present during induction of anesthesia in more than 75% of cases and 27% of anesthesiologists have parents present in less than 25% of cases. Half (50%) of the anesthesiologist never have parents present during induction.(1)

Sources

    Anesth Analg;2004 May;98(5):1252-9, table of contents

    [PubMed: 15105196]

    Can Anaesth Soc J;1983 May;30(3 Pt 1):286-9

    [PubMed: 6336550]

    Acta Anaesthesiol Belg;2000;51(4):217-26

    [PubMed: 11129622]

    Anesthesiology;1998 Nov;89(5):1147-56; discussion 9A-10A

    [PubMed: 9822003]

    Anesthesiology. 2000 Apr;92(4):925-7

    [PubMed: 10754612]

    See also Parental presence: Induction

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2010

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