Prolonged NMB risk factors

Pharmacology

Drugs

1. Antibiotics

  • Aminoglycosides: Gentamicin & Tobramycin
  • Tetracyclines
  • Polymixins

The following antibiotics do not prolong neuromuscular blockade: Erythromycin, penicillin, and cephalosporins.

2. Anticholinesterases

3. Calcium Channel Blockers

4. Local Anesthetics

5. Volatile Anesthetics

Abnormal Physiologic States

  1. Hepatic Dysfunction
  2. Hypothermia
  3. Acidosis or Alkalosis

Electrolyte Abnormalities

  1. Hypernatremia
  2. Hypocalcemia
  3. Hypokalemia
  4. Lithium

86%

Answered correctly

2011

Year asked

81%

Answered correctly

2008

Year asked